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La paradoja político-ambiental ecuatoriana: The Ecuadorian Politico-Environmental Paradox
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
University of Helsinki, Finland.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3109-2078
2017 (Spanish)In: Provincia, ISSN 1317-9535, no 37, p. 29-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [es]

Ecuador en tiempos del gobierno de Rafael Correa constituye un caso perfecto de la paradoja político-ambiental, que trata de conflictos en los cuales todos los actores – autoridades del Estado y opositores ecologistas e indígenas – se auto-identifican como los verdaderos defensores del ambiente y las condiciones humanas. Por un lado, Ecuador tiene la Constitución más progresista del mundo en cuanto a la protección de la naturaleza y entre las más radicales en el reconocimiento de los derechos de los pueblos étnicamente definidos. Por otro lado, la economía desarrollista basada en extractivismo se ha mantenido durante el período y el gobierno argumenta que los ingresos derivados del extractivismo son utilizados para el bien común (bienestar social). Basándose en varios años de trabajo etnográfico en Ecuador, la lectura crítica de publicaciones temáticas y el análisis de discursos públicos, documentos políticos y datos recogidos a través de observación participativa, el artículo identifica y problematiza las narrativas dominantes entre los diferentes actores de los escenarios discursivos contenciosos, y también analiza cómo las autoridades estatales y sus opositores buscan posicionarse hacia el otro en relación al extractivismo y a las preocupaciones ecológicas. ¿Cómo se perciben, definen y expresan las políticas ambientales (progresistas) y las preocupaciones ecológicas por parte de los diferentes actores?

Abstract [en]

Ecuador in times of the Rafael Correa government constitutes a perfect example of the politico-environmental paradox, which deals with conflicts in which all involved actors –State authorities as well as ecologist and Indigenous opposition - claim to represent the true vanguard concerning safeguarding of the environment and human conditions. On the one hand, Ecuador presents the most progressive Constitution in the world regarding the protection of nature and it also incorporates far-reaching recognition of Indigenous peoples. On the other hand, the developmentalist economy based on extractivism has continued during the period and the government argues that the revenues of extractive industries benefit the common good (welfare reforms). Based on several years of ethnographic fieldwork in Ecuador, combined with critical reading of previous literature and analysis of public discourses, political documents and material obtained through participatory observation, this article identifies and problematizes the dominant narratives among the actors of the contentious discursive scenarios. It also analyzes how State authorities and their adversaries aim at positioning themselves towards the other in relation to extractivism and ecological concerns. How are (progressive) environmental politics and ecological concerns perceived, defined and expressed by different actors?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. no 37, p. 29-73
Keywords [en]
Ecuador, argumentative discourse, ecologism-environmentalism, extractivism, Sumak Kawsay.
Keywords [es]
Ecuador, discurso argumentativo, ambientalismo-ecologismo, extractivismo, Sumak Kawsay.
National Category
Political Science Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36037ISI: 000437890200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-36037DiVA, id: diva2:1238153
Projects
Rights of Nature – Nature of Rights. Neo-Constitutionalism and Ethno-Ecologist Resistance in Bolivia and Ecuador. Funded by the Swedish Research Council Formas (2013-2016).
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012-1828Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-08-13 Last updated: 2018-09-05Bibliographically approved

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