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Transmodernity and Socio-Historical Time in the Decolonization Process of the Plurinational State of Bolivia: La transmodernidad y el tiempo sociohistórico en el proceso descolonizador del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
Linnéuniversitetet.
2018 (Spanish)In: Revista de Estudios Sociales, ISSN 0123-885X, E-ISSN 1900-5180, no 65, p. 48-62Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes how transmodernity has been expressed in the Plurinational State of Bolivia since 2009. It specifically focuses on the complexities involved in the reconstruction of the State and the road towards an intercultural society based on the constitutional acknowledgment of the values and praxis of plurinationality. This historic moment —with the reconstruction of the State and society based on the beliefs, traditions, epistemologies and ontologies of the indigenous peoples— symbolizes a particular social time and is the result of the silent survival of pre-colonial cultures which, over centuries, gradually transformed themselves alongside and in interaction with modernity, thus evolving into transmodern cultures. The establishmentof the Plurinational State has also legitimized the indigenous ethical-philosophical concept of SumaQamaña-Vivir Bien (“To Live Well”), which refers to a harmonious relationship between humans and Natureand is enshrined as a socio-political-cultural guideline and alternative to the logics of eurocentrism, anthropocentrism, individualism and capitalism. Methodologically, the study is based on years of ethnographic fieldwork in Bolivia and a critical reading of previous studies of such subjects.

Abstract [es]

Este artículo analiza cómo se expresa la transmodernidad en el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia desde 2009, enfocando, de manera particular, las complejidades relacionadas con la refundación del Estado y la construcción de una sociedad intercultural, basada en el reconocimiento constitucional de los valores yprácticas de la plurinacionalidad. Este momento histórico —con la reconstrucción del Estado y la sociedad desde las creencias, tradiciones, epistemologías y ontologías de los pueblos indígenas— simboliza un tiempo social específico, producto de la silenciosa sobrevivencia de culturas precoloniales que se transformaron gradualmente a lo largo de los siglos, y en interacción con la modernidad misma, volviéndose culturas transmodernas. Con la declaración del Estado Plurinacional, asimismo, se ha establecido la conceptualización indígena ético-filosófica del Suma Qamaña-Vivir Bien, sobre las relaciones armoniosas entre seres humanos y naturaleza, como visión socio-político-cultural y una alternativa a las lógicas eurocentristas, antropocéntricas, individualistas y capitalistas. Metodológicamente, el estudio se basa en una lectura crítica de publicaciones anteriores y varios años de trabajo etnográfico en Bolivia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bogotá, 2018. no 65, p. 48-62
Keywords [en]
Bolivia, decolonization, Plurinational-Intercultural State, socio-historical time, transmodernity, Vivir Bien
Keywords [es]
Bolivia; descolonización; Estado Plurinacional e Intercultural; tiempo sociohistórico; transmodernidad; Vivir Bien
National Category
Other Humanities
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory; Historical Studies; Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36019DOI: 10.7440/res65.2018.05ISI: 000436505700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-36019DiVA, id: diva2:1234043
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012–1828Available from: 2018-07-21 Created: 2018-07-21 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved

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Lalander Lenza Transmodernidad Bolivia 2018(418 kB)48 downloads
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