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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and happiness among adults in the general population
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Centre of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1260-2223
Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9565-5004
National Centre of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan.
Yale University Medical School, New Haven, USA / Uppsala University.
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2018 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 265, p. 317-323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract Despite an increasing focus on the role of mood and emotions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as yet, there has been comparatively little research on positive emotions. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and happiness using data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. The analytic sample comprised 7274 adults aged 18 and above residing in private households in England. Information was collected on ADHD symptoms using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener, while happiness was assessed with a single (3-point) measure. Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis and a mediation analysis were performed to examine associations. Greater ADHD symptom severity was associated with higher odds for feeling less happy. Emotional instability (percentage mediated 37.1%), anxiety disorder (35.6%) and depression (29.9%) were all important mediators of the association between ADHD and happiness. Given that happiness has been linked to a number of beneficial outcomes, the results of this study highlight the importance of diagnosing ADHD in adults and also of screening for and treating any comorbid psychiatric disorders in these individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 265, p. 317-323
Keywords [en]
ADHD, Anxiety, Depression, Emotion, Happiness, Stressful life events
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-35301DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.05.004ISI: 000435428300048PubMedID: 29778053Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85047191646OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-35301DiVA, id: diva2:1206286
Available from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-05-16 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved

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Stickley, AndrewKoyanagi, Ai

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