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“Lwów Saved Us”: Roma Survival in Lemberg 1941–44
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8526-5838
2018 (English)In: Journal of Genocide Research, ISSN 1462-3528, E-ISSN 1469-9494, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 327-350Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ritualized memory of genocide has been a cornerstone of Roma political mobilization during at least the last three decades. A uniqueness paradigm has been developing for some time, applying a memorial discourse inspired by the Jewish Holocaust model. While paralleling each other in time, the mass murders of Jews and Roma during the Second World War differed on several points. In the General Government of the Occupied Polish Territories and the territories occupied by Nazi Germany after Operation Barbarossa, the persecution of Roma took place largely in local initiatives. Consequently, the Nazi policies varied considerably, leading to territories in which Roma were annihilated and those in which about half of the Roma population survived. Considerable differences could also appear within the same administrative unit. In Distrikt Galizien, the southeastern-most district of the General Government, Roma were persecuted violently in the countryside, while the district capital of Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv) saw a different course of events. The picture that appears from the available documents also diverges from survivor testimonies and general accounts of the persecution of Roma as being similar and parallel to that of Jews. Roma were present in Lemberg throughout the Nazi occupation and the authorities were aware of their whereabouts. Roma were not confined to the ghetto, but many, along with Poles and Ukrainians, remained within the territory of the ghetto, parts of which had constituted areas of Roma settlement in Lemberg since the mid nineteenth century. Several Roma also lived in wagons in various locations in 1942–43, as well as in quarters close to the town’s centre. Altogether, several hundred Roma lived in Lemberg, and their treatment by the local courts was different from that of Jews, bearing more similarity to the way in which Polish and Ukrainian cases were handled.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018. Vol. 20, no 3, p. 327-350
Keywords [en]
Persecution of Roma, the Second World War, Distrikt Galizien, the General Government, knowledge production
National Category
Humanities and the Arts History
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Historical Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34927DOI: 10.1080/14623528.2018.1461181ISI: 000440093800002Local ID: 1560/42/2011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-34927DiVA, id: diva2:1203625
Projects
Roma genocide in Ukraine 1941-1944: History, Memory, Representations
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European StudiesAvailable from: 2018-05-03 Created: 2018-05-03 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Wawrzeniuk, Piotr

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