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Sustainable Development and global emission targets: A dynamical systems approach to aid evidence-based policy making
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Economics.
2018 (English)In: Sustainable Development, ISSN 0968-0802, E-ISSN 1099-1719Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

There is broad scientific consensus that increasing global emissions at current rates will result irreversible climate change. The global commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris agreement tries to address this concern with policy changes. But top-down approaches including voluntary emission cuts do not seem politically feasible in all countries. In this paper, we show that moderate voluntary emission cuts (policy) supplemented by technological developments and changes in consumption tastes and preferences induced by educating individuals (stakeholder engagement) could help achieve emission targets. We use a novel dynamical systems modeling approach based on economic theory to show the quantitative tradeoffs between these different approaches. Using this model, we also show how economic development may be balanced by global emissions reductions so that, initially, developing economies can continue along their current growth trajectories and eliminate poverty, and eventually bear more of the emissions reduction burden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Green Solow, emission targets, Sustainable Development Goals, dynamical systems, environment policy, greenhouse gases
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34852OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-34852DiVA, id: diva2:1198171
Available from: 2018-04-16 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2018-07-02

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Bali Swain, Ranjula

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