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The Andean Catch-22: ethnicity, class and resource governance in Bolivia and Ecuador
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7088-971X
2018 (English)In: Globalizations, ISSN 1474-7731, E-ISSN 1474-774X, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 636-654Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study deals with the tensions and contradictions between resource governance, welfare policies, and the constitutionally recognized rights of nature and the indigenous peoples in Bolivia and Ecuador. We have identified a certain reductionism in current debates on these issues and propose a more systematic analytical focus on class and the class-ethnicity duality, as expressed in historical and contemporary indigenous struggles, and also confirmed via our ethnographic material. Drawing on the double bind as expressed in Joseph Heller’s Catch-22 wherein the protagonists face situations in which they do not have any choice to achieve a net gain, this article centres on how national governments have to choose between the protections of rights – in this case ethnic and environmental rights – and welfare provision financed by extractive revenues. From the perspective of ecologically concerned indigenous actors, the Catch-22 is articulated in the choice or compromise between universal welfarism on the one hand, and ethno-environmental concerns on the other hand. The article draws primarily on ecosocialist arguments and on indigenous-culturalist perspectives on Good Life (Sumak Kawsay or Vivir Bien). A central finding is the existence of awareness among involved actors – oppositional movements and government authorities – that the Catch-22 quandary and joint class-ethnic concerns are unavoidable ingredients in their discourses, struggles, and understandings of Good Life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2018. Vol. 15, no 5, p. 636-654
Keywords [en]
class-ethnicity, Ecosocialism, indigenous peoples, resource governance, Sumak Kawsay/Vivir Bien
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34836DOI: 10.1080/14747731.2018.1453189ISI: 000440045200005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85044476585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-34836DiVA, id: diva2:1197404
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2012–1828Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved

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