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Internet Censorship Circumvention Tools: Escaping the Control of the Syrian Regime
2016 (English)In: Media and Communication, ISSN 2083-5701, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 39-50Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies have shown that authoritarian regimes tend to censor the media to limit potential threats to the status quo. While such censorship practices were traditionally aimed at broadcast and print media, the emergence of the Internet and social media in particular, prompted some authoritarian regimes, such as the Assad regime in Syria, to try and exert a similar level of censorship on the Internet as well. During the Arab Spring, the Syrian regime blocked hundreds of websites that provided social networking, news, and other services. Taking Syria as a case study, this paper examines whether Internet censorship succeeded in preventing Internet users from reaching censored online content during 2010−2012. By analyzing the use of Alkasir, a censorship circumvention tool created by the author, the paper provides empirical evidence demonstrating that users were in fact able to bypass censorship and access blocked websites. The findings demonstrate that censorship circumvention tools constituted a threat to the information control systems of authoritarian regimes, highlighting the potential of such tools to promote online freedom of expression in countries where Internet censorship is prevalent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cogitatio Press , 2016. Vol. 4, no 1, p. 39-50
Keywords [en]
Alkasir; Arab Spring; conflict; democracy; freedom of expression; Internet censorship circumvention; Syria
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34535DOI: 10.17645/mac.v4i1.357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-34535DiVA, id: diva2:1180082
Note

This article was written with funding from Örebro University’s Department of Media Studies.

Available from: 2018-02-04 Created: 2018-02-04 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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