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Roma and Travellers ofSweden during World War II: Registration, experts and racial cleansing policy-making in transnational context
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9741-2145
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6804-7732
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since the mid-1930s, theNazi regime concerned itself with the systematic registration and identificationof Roma. At the 1935 Copenhagen Interpol Conference participating states backedthe initiative proposed by the German police regarding the creation of aninternational registry of Roma. It had been easier to classify Jews for recordsheld by religious communities were readily available to the state. Many Roma inEurope were nomadic and ID-less. The study focuses on measures ofidentification and registration of Roma undertaken in sovereign Sweden and therole of experts and census takers in transnational context. On 25 September1942, the government of Sweden ordered inventory of Roma and Travellers. Thepurpose of the registration was to solve “a problem” by mapping both thesegroups. In Sweden the census did not proceed smoothly, because of the conflictswithin the experts’ community. The paper focuses on the transnational studiesof registration of Roma undertaken in the fully-sovereign Sweden and the roleof experts in ‘scientific’ legitimation of this process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
roma, registration, experts, race-making policy, Sweden
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34167OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-34167DiVA, id: diva2:1174136
Conference
29th Congress of Nordic Historians, Aalborg University, Denmark, 15-18 August 2017.
Projects
Police, Experts and Race: Handling the "Gypsy Plague" in Denmark, Sweden and Latvia, 1930-1945
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 2015/3.1.1/748Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Kotljarchuk, AndrejWerther, Steffen

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf