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BONUS BALTSPACE Deliverable D2.4: MSP as a governance approach? Knowledge integration challenges in MSP in the Baltic Sea
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8536-373X
Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH, Germany.
Aarhus University, Denmark.
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2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Developing integrative decision-making underpinned by a diverse knowledge base is seen as essential to meet marine spatial planning’s (MSP) sustainable development aspirations. In contributing to a better understanding of how this might be achieved, this report considers knowledge integration challenges drawing on several MSP empirical cases across the Baltic Sea Region. Each case-study, involves Baltic Sea states at different stages of developing national marine spatial plans. At the Baltic-wide level, HELCOM-VASAB has interpreted the Ecosystem Approach in MSP as relying heavily on an evidence-base informed by natural scientific and expert knowledge. The results of the report show that challenges arise when trying to apply scientific knowledge to MSP events or processes for a number of reasons such as, incomplete data and associated substantial uncertainty or because stakeholders contest the policy interpretation of the data. This raises questions of how to assess or evaluate the quality and comprehensiveness/sufficiency of scientific and stakeholder knowledge or input into MSP decision-making, particularly in highly politicised, conflictual contexts, such as the integration of parts of the fishing sector in MSP in Poland. MSP in German territorial waters provides a positive example, where science and stakeholder knowledge input have been integrated in decision-making through informal and formal processes. This case exhibits evidence of social learning where authorities have reflected on previous experiences and invested in actively nurturing the meaningful participation of a wide variety of stakeholders (to form a community of practice) over an extended period of time. The key findings of the report call for more attention to be paid to ways that scientific and stakeholder knowledge can be fruitfully incorporated in MSP, through initiatives such as: the development of knowledge evaluation measures; drawing more actively on social science expertise to help facilitate processes of stakeholder engagement and knowledge inclusion; and paying more attention to how to include heterogeneous socio-cultural values and knowledge (placed-based) in a way that improves the salience of scientific knowledge and the legitimacy of MSP decision-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017. , p. 36
Keywords [en]
Baltic Sea; ecosystem approach; knowledge integration; Marine spatial planning; scientific knowledge; social learning; social science
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-34035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-34035DiVA, id: diva2:1171506
Projects
Towards sustainable planning of Baltic marine space (BONUS BALTSPACE)
Funder
BONUS - Science for a better future of the Baltic Sea regionAvailable from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved

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BONUS BALTSPACE Deliverable D2.4

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Saunders, FredGilek, MichaelHassler, BjörnStalmokaite, IgneTafon, Ralph

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