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Male sterility, Protogyny and Pollen-Pistil interference in Plantago maritima (Plantaginaceae) a wind-pollinated, self-incompatible perennial
Stockholm university.
1997 (English)In: American Journal of Botany, ISSN 0002-9122, E-ISSN 1537-2197, Vol. 84, no 11, 1588-1594 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Evolution and maintenance of male sterility in seed plants can be explained by the maternal inheritance of mitochondria, which encode the trait, and by adaptive functions that enhance female fecundity in male-sterile compared to hermaphrodite individuals. Protogyny and male sterility can independently decrease the negative effect of pollen–pistil interference in selfincompatible species. In Plantago maritima, which possesses both traits, protogyny increases seed set in hermaphrodite individuals. This is shown both by a significantly positive association between seed set and retarded dehiscence of the anthers and by a more than 50% reduction in seed set following self-pollination. Male sterility does not seem to increase seed set further, as female and hermaphrodite plants do not differ significantly in mean seed set per capsule. Bagging experiments demonstrate strong self-incompatibility in the study populations. Hence, in P. maritima male sterility seems neither to prevent selfing nor to reduce the effect of pollen–pistil interference. Females had significantly larger stigmas than hermaphrodites, but seed set varied negatively with stigma length among females, indicating that the evolution of unisexuality in P. maritima is not due to prefertilization sex allocation. I therefore conclude that the genetical system of nucleocytoplasmic determination of gender is the main cause for maintenance of male sterility in P. maritima.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 84, no 11, 1588-1594 p.
Keyword [en]
gynodioecy; Plantago maritima; Plantaginaceae; pollen–pistil interference; protogyny; self-incompatibility; wind-pollination.
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33865ISI: A1997YH22700014PubMedID: 21708562Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0342460482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-33865DiVA: diva2:1164816
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Dinnétz, Patrik

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