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What's (not) underpinning ambivalent sexism?: Revisiting the roles of ideology, religiosity, personality, demographics, and men's facial hair in explaining hostile and benevolent sexism
Uppsala University.
Uppsala University.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Psychology. Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1211-5150
2018 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 122, 29-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Abstract Ambivalent sexism is a two-dimensional framework that assesses sexist and misogynous attitudes. The current corpus of research on such attitudes suggest that they are predicted by numerous variables, including religious beliefs, ideological variables, and men's facial hair. Most studies, however, have treated such predictors as if they are independent – inferring that zero-order correlations between sexism and its predictors are not confounded by omitted third variables. In the current work, we address ambivalent sexism using a large array of known correlates of sexist attitudes in two large and demographically diverse samples. We show that low empathic concern is the primary driver of hostile-, but not benevolent sexism (Study 1); that social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism, religiosity, and low Openness and Agreeableness differentially predict ambivalent sexism (Study 2); along with male gender and low education level (Study 1 and 2). Contradicting an earlier finding, men's facial hair was not correlated with hostile sexism in either studies and a short full beard predicted lower scores on benevolent sexism in Study 2. Thus, we replicated the main findings from most previous research except for men's facial hair, and we also show the paths through which predictors of sexist attitudes exert their effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 122, 29-37 p.
Keyword [en]
Sexism, Misogyny, Right-wing authoritarianism, Social dominance orientation, Religiosity, Personality, Gender, Facial hair
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33589DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.10.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-33589DiVA: diva2:1149608
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Jylhä, Kirsti M.

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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