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Political Representation, Imperial Dependency and Political Transfer: Finland and Sweden 1809-1819
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Institute of Contemporary History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8089-8468
2017 (English)In: Journal of Modern European History, ISSN 1611-8944, Vol. 15, no 2, 243-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article examines the post-revolutionary rearrangement in Europe by focusing on the separation of Finland from Sweden. In 1809, the eastern part of the Swedish kingdom became a grand duchy within the autocratically ruled Russian empire. Both Finland and Sweden experienced the constitutional moment which characterised the post-revolutionary and post-Napoleonic Europe, but in very different ways. The Swedish Diet enacted a new written constitution while the Finnish Diet gave its oath to the new emperor, who promised to maintain the laws, privileges and rights of the country. Alexander I might have used the word «constitution» in his speech to the Finnish Estates, but the political status of the grand duchy remained unclear, and it was only in 1863 that the Finnish Diet was called to convene again. In the context of imperial dependency and a lack of established forums for public debate, the article analyses how the issue of political representation was made public in Finland during the first decade of Russian rule. The analysis is based on the ways in which the official newspaper described the new political situation of Finland and reported on political circumstances and parliamentary life in other countries. It is argued that the publication of news from abroad can be seen as an important way of keeping the issue of political representation alive in Finland. It was also a channel for the reception of political concepts. The study discusses the Finnish case in relation to political circumstances in Sweden. The comparative angle draws attention to complex features of the formation of a new polity and a reformation of an old.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 15, no 2, 243-260 p.
Keyword [en]
political representation, conceptual transfer, Finland, Sweden
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33541DOI: 10.17104/1611-8944-2017-2-243OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-33541DiVA: diva2:1146646
Projects
Statsnatten i ny belysning: Politisk kultur i Finland ur ett transnationellt perspektiv 1809-1863
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2017-10-04Bibliographically approved

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Kurunmäki, Jussi

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CiteExportLink to record
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