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The Obscured Story of the International Criminal Police Commission, Harry Söderman, and the Forgotten Context of Antiziganism
Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 42, no 3, 329-353 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Interpol predecessor, the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC), gradually came under the control of the Nazi Regime. Besides the task of combatting ordinary criminality', it, since 1934, had combatting of the Gypsy plague' on its agenda. The Swedish contacts were handled independently by the head of the Swedish forensic institute (SKA), Harry Soderman, who had good contacts with the ICPC presidents Heydrich and Nebe. This essay discusses, from a Swedish perspective but also with an international comparative view, critical and apologetic discourses on the ICPC Nazification and antiziganism. It focuses on available ICPC files at Riksarkivet and their archival surroundings, which lead to the Sandler Commission's investigation of police collaboration against the Scandinavian sabotage and resistance organization Wollweber. A main conclusion is that the informal network character of the ICPC and its lack of transparency discouraged critical reflections on this Nazification, and, to this day, obstructed a break with antiziganistic police traditions. In contrast to the independent inquiry commissions of Switzerland and Norway, which discuss the context of antiziganism and the ICPC, the selective governmental initiatives in Sweden have until now neglected the topic. The essay also discusses the problematic ICPC source material situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 42, no 3, 329-353 p.
Keyword [en]
ICPC, Söderman, Nazification, antiziganism, Sweden, Wollweber
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33001DOI: 10.1080/03468755.2017.1322788ISI: 000402986900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-33001DiVA: diva2:1118027
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf