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Förändrade förutsättningar för konkurrens mellan aktörer som verkar på den finansiella marknaden: En kvalitativ studie om EU-direktivet Markets in Financial Instruments Directive
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Markets in Financial Instruments Directive I är ett direktiv framtaget av Europakommissionen som reglerar den finansiella marknaden i Europa, som ett resultat av finanskrisen som uppkom 2007. Direktivet har implementerats i hela Europa Unionen och infördes i Sverige 2007. Finanskrisen har lagt grunden för ytterligare skärpta regleringar för en effektivare tillsyn, eftersom det tidigare fanns reguljära brister på den finansiella marknaden. Från januari 2017 implementerades Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II och träder i lag i Sverige januari 2018. MiFiD II syftar till att täppa till de brister som funnits i det första direktivet.

Syftet med studien är att undersöka om direktivet kan bidra till förändrade förutsättningar gällande konkurrens mellan aktörer som verkar på den finansiella marknaden samt vilka fördelar och nackdelar direktivet medför. En kvalitativ forskningsstrategi har tillämpats och semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts. Utvalda aktörer som verkar på den finansiella marknaden har intervjuats både personligt men också online. Ytterligare information om direktivet har samlats in från vetenskapliga artiklar, litteratur samt dokument från myndigheters hemsidor.

Resultatet av studien visar att samtliga aktörer är positivt inställda till direktivet men att det fortfarande finns oklarheter gällande dess implementering, hur direktivet ska tolkas samt hur ett enhetligt utförande ska ske inom alla EU-länder. MiFID II syftar till att främja konkurrensen ytterligare, men baserat på respondenterna tenderar åtstramningarna att leda till ökade inträdesbarriärer, risk för stordriftsfördelar samt att mindre aktörer kan missgynnas.

Abstract [en]

Markets in Financial Instruments Directive I is a directive established by the European Commission that regulate the financial market in Europe as a result of the financial crisis that occurred in 2007. The Directive has been implemented in the European Union and introduced in Sweden in 2007. The financial crisis has laid the foundation of harder regulations and for supervision to be more effective, because of the previous shortcomings on the financial market. Markets in Financial Instruments Directive II were implemented in January 2017, and will be established as a law in Sweden in January 2018. The purpose of MiFID II is to overcome the shortcomings that have been identified in the first directive.

The purpose of the study is to examine whether the directive can contribute to changing conditions for competition between players on the financial market and the advantages and disadvantages of the directive. The study has a qualitative research strategy, with a focus on semi-structured interviews. A number of players on the financial market have been interviewed both personally and online. Further, information on the directive has been collected from scientific articles, literature and documents from government websites.

The result of the study shows that all respondents are positive to the directive but that there still are uncertainties about its implementation, how the directive should be interpreted and how all the EU countries should implement the directive in a uniform way. MiFID II aims to continue to improve the competition, but based on the respondents, harder requirements tends to increase barriers to entry, risk of economies of scale, and smaller players to be exposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 60 p.
Keyword [en]
MiFID, Market in Financial Directive, EU directive, regulations, competition, transparency, conflict of interest, investor protection
Keyword [sv]
MiFID, Market in Financial Directive, EU direktiv, regleringar, konkurrens, transparens, intressekonflikter, investerarskydd
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-32872DiVA: diva2:1111389
Subject / course
Business Studies
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-18 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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