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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and loneliness among adults in the general population
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan / University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain / CIBERSAM, Madrid, Spain.
National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry (NCNP), Tokyo, Japan.
Yale University Medical School, New Haven, USA / Uppsala universitet.
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2017 (English)In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 0891-4222, E-ISSN 1873-3379, Vol. 62, 115-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Research on the association between adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loneliness is scarce even though factors which have been previously linked to loneliness, such as divorce and poorer mental health may be more prevalent among adults with ADHD. This study investigated the relation between ADHD symptoms/symptom severity and loneliness in the general adult population.

METHODS: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007 (N=7403, aged ≥16years) were analyzed. ADHD symptoms and common mental disorders (CMDs) were assessed with the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener and the Clinical Interview Schedule Revised, respectively. Loneliness was measured with a question from the Social Functioning Questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associations.

RESULTS: In the fully adjusted model, an ASRS score ≥14 was strongly associated with loneliness (OR=2.48 95%CI=1.83-3.36). ADHD symptom severity was related to loneliness in a dose-response fashion. Over one-third of the association between ADHD symptoms and loneliness was explained by CMDs.

CONCLUSIONS: Adults with more ADHD symptoms are at an increased risk of feeling lonely. Future research should determine how ADHD symptoms are linked to loneliness and if loneliness is affecting well-being.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 62, 115-123 p.
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31937DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2017.01.007PubMedID: 28131008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-31937DiVA: diva2:1071288
Available from: 2017-02-03 Created: 2017-02-03 Last updated: 2017-03-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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