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Distribution and dynamics of a nuclear pore membrane protein
Södertörn University, Avdelning Naturvetenskap. Stockholms universitet.
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2002. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
Proteiner
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31517ISBN: 91-7265-391-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-31517DiVA: diva2:1059633
Public defence
2002-02-08, Magnélisalen, Kemiska Övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrheniusväg 12, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. GFP as a marker for a nuclear pore complex protein
Open this publication in new window or tab >>GFP as a marker for a nuclear pore complex protein
1997 (English)In: Bioluminescence and chemiluminescence: proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, October 1996 / [ed] J.W. Hastings, L.J. kricka & P.E. Stanley, Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, 1997Conference paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, 1997
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31516 (URN)0-471-97502-8 (ISBN)
Conference
9th International Symposium on Bioluminescence and Chemiluminescence at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, October 1996.
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
2. Intracellular distribution of an integral nuclear pore membrane protein fused to green fluorescent protein - Localization of a targeting domain
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intracellular distribution of an integral nuclear pore membrane protein fused to green fluorescent protein - Localization of a targeting domain
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1997 (English)In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 250, no 3, 808-813 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 121-kDa pore membrane protein (POM121) is a bitopic integral membrane protein specifically located in the pore membrane domain of the nuclear envelope with its short N-terminal tail exposed on the luminal side and its major C-terminal portion adjoining the nuclear pore complex, In order to locate a signal for targeting of POM121 to the nuclear pores, we overexpressed selected regions of POM121 alone or fused to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in transiently transfected COS-1 cells or in a stably transfected neuroblastoma cell line. Microscopic analysis of the GFP fluorescence or immunostaining was used to determine the intracellular distribution of the overexpressed proteins. The endofluorescent GFP tag had no effect on the distribution of POM121, since the chimerical POM121-GFP fusion protein was correctly targeted to the nuclear ports of both COS-1 cells and neuroblastoma cells. Based on the differentiated intracellular sorting of the POM121 variants, we conclude that the first 128 amino acids of POM121 contains signals for targeting to the continuous endoplasmic reticulum/nuclear envelope membrane system but not specifically to the nuclear pol es and that a specific nuclear pore targeting signal is located between amino acids 129 and 618 in the endoplasmically exposed portion of POM121.

National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31518 (URN)10.1111/j.1432-1033.1997.00808.x (DOI)000071370300024 ()9461306 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
3. An integral membrane protein from the nuclear pore complex is also present in the annulate lamellae: Implications for annulate lamella formation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An integral membrane protein from the nuclear pore complex is also present in the annulate lamellae: Implications for annulate lamella formation
2000 (English)In: Experimental Cell Research, ISSN 0014-4827, E-ISSN 1090-2422, Vol. 259, no 1, 180-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Annulate lamellae (AL) are cytoplasmic arrays of stacked membrane cisternae containing densely packed pore complexes which are similar in structure to the nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) and thus referred to as annulate lamella pore complexes (ALPCs). We have recently shown that the integral nuclear pore membrane protein POM121 tagged with green fluorescent protein was correctly targeted to the nuclear pores (H. Soderqvist et al., 1997, fur. J. Biochem. 250, 808-813). Here we have investigated if POM121 fused to three tandem molecules of yellow fluorescent protein YFP) (POM121-YFP3,) also was able to distribute in the extensive and well-characterized Al; of RC37 and BMGE cells. Transfected RC37 or BMGE cells displayed YFP fluorescence around the nuclear envelope, as well. as in the cytoplasmic AL structures. The YFP fluorescence colocalized perfectly with immunostaining using antibodies specific for different NPC proteins. The AL of both transfected and untransfected BMGE cells resisted extractions with Tx-100 and 250 mM NaCl, but were completely solubilized at 450 mM NaCl. Loss of YFP fluorescence and immunostaining for other NPC proteins correlated under all extraction conditions tested, suggesting that overexpressed POM121-YFP3, had become an integrated part both of the NPCs and of the ALPCs. Furthermore, we have generated a stable BHK cell line expressing POM121YFP(3,) located exclusively at the nuclear pores. Treatment with vinblastine sulfate, which induces formation of Al; in a variety of cells, resulted in distribution of POM121-YFP3, into cytoplasmic foci colocalizing with immunostaining for peripheral NPC proteins. Taken together, the results show that YFP-tagged POM121 is able to distribute in drug-induced or naturally occurring AL, suggesting that POM121 is a natural constituent of ALPCs. In COS cells, which normally lack or have very little AT-I, YFP-tagged POM121 distributed in the nuclear pores when expressed at low levels. However, at high expression levels the YFP fluorescence also distributed in a number of brightly fluorescing cytoplasmic dots or foci, which were not present in untransfected cells. This was also true for untagged POM121. The cytoplasmic foci varied in size from 0.1 to 2 mu m and were distinctly located in the immediate vicinity of ER cisternae (without colocalizing) and also contained other nuclear pore proteins, indicating that they may represent cytoplasmic AL. This idea is supported by time-lapse studies of postmitotic assembly of these structures. This raises the question of the role of POM121 in ALPC and NPC biogenesis.

National Category
Cell Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15742 (URN)10.1006/excr.2000.4935 (DOI)000089091900017 ()10942590 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0034714441 (ScopusID)
Available from: 2012-03-07 Created: 2012-03-07 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
4. ER retention may play a role in sorting of the nuclear pore membrane Protein POM121 towards the NPC
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ER retention may play a role in sorting of the nuclear pore membrane Protein POM121 towards the NPC
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31519 (URN)
Note

Som manuskript i avhandling. As manuscript in dissertation.

Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
5. Nuclear pore complexes form immobile networks and have a very low turnover in live mammalian cells
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nuclear pore complexes form immobile networks and have a very low turnover in live mammalian cells
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2001 (English)In: Journal of Cell Biology, ISSN 0021-9525, E-ISSN 1540-8140, Vol. 154, no 1, 71-84 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The nuclear pore complex (NPC) and its relationship to the nuclear envelope (NE) was characterized in living cells using POM121-green fluorescent protein (GFP) and GFP-Nup153, and GFP-lamin B1. No independent movement of single pore complexes was found within the plane of the NE in interphase. Only large arrays of NPCs moved slowly and synchronously during global changes in nuclear shape, strongly suggesting mechanical connections which form an NPC network. The nuclear lamina exhibited identical movements. NPC turnover measured by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching of POM121 was less than once per cell cycle. Nup153 association with NPCs was dynamic and turnover of this nucleoporin was three orders of magnitude faster. Overexpression of both nucleoporins induced the formation of annulate lamellae (AL) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Turnover of AL pore complexes was much higher than in the NE (once every 2.5 min). During mitosis, POM121 and Nup153 were completely dispersed and mobile in the ER (POM121) or cytosol (Nup153) in metaphase, and rapidly redistributed to an immobilized pool around chromatin in late anaphase. Assembly and immobilization of both nucleoporins occurred before detectable recruitment of lamin B1, which is thus unlikely to mediate initiation of NPC assembly at the end of mitosis.

National Category
Cell Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15852 (URN)10.1083/jcb.200101089 (DOI)000169845900013 ()11448991 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0035833254 (ScopusID)
Available from: 2012-03-12 Created: 2012-03-09 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
6. Noninvasive monitoring of apoptosis versus necrosis in a neuroblastoma cell line expressing a nuclear pore protein tagged with the green fluorescent protein
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Noninvasive monitoring of apoptosis versus necrosis in a neuroblastoma cell line expressing a nuclear pore protein tagged with the green fluorescent protein
1998 (English)In: Experimental Cell Research, ISSN 0014-4827, E-ISSN 1090-2422, Vol. 238, no 2, 371-376 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A fusion chimera between the integral nuclear pore membrane protein POM121 and GFP (green fluorescent protein) has been shown to correctly target to the nuclear pores when transiently expressed in a number of mammalian cell types. POM121-GFP is therefore an excellent marker for the noninvasive studies of the nuclear pores in living cells using fluorescence microscopy. We have established a line of neuroblastoma cells stably expressing the POM121-GFP fusion protein. We also monitored the nuclear envelope in living cells after induction of apoptosis or necrosis using 1 μM staurosporine or 100 μM p-benzoquinone, respectively. Interestingly, the POM121-GFP fluorescence was weaker or missing in the apoptotic cells. The disappearance of the nuclear pore marker accompanied apoptotic progression as judged by the degree of chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation as analyzed by DNA staining and TUNEL assay, respectively. In contrast, the intensity of the nuclear rim fluorescence was unaffected in necrotic cells displaying an abnormal morphology with tilted nuclei. Thus, it was possible to distinguish between apoptotic and necrotic development in living cells using fluorescence microscopy. This cell line provides a fast and convenient model for screening suspected toxic xenobiotics.

National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31520 (URN)10.1006/excr.1997.3846 (DOI)2-s2.0-0032004728 (ScopusID)
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved
7. Sequential degradation of proteins from the nuclear envelope during apoptosis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sequential degradation of proteins from the nuclear envelope during apoptosis
2001 (English)In: Journal of Cell Science, ISSN 0021-9533, E-ISSN 1477-9137, Vol. 114, no 20, 3643-3653 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have produced new antibodies specific for the integral pore membrane protein POM121. Using these antibodies we show that during apoptosis POM121 becomes proteolytically degraded in a caspase-dependent manner. The POM121 antibodies and antibodies specific for other proteins of the nuclear envelope were used in a comparative study of nuclear apoptosis in staurosporine-treated buffalo rat liver cells. Nuclei from these cells were classified in three different stages of apoptotic progression: stage I, moderately condensed chromatin surrounded by a smooth nuclear periphery; stage II, compact patches of condensed chromatin collapsing against a smooth nuclear periphery; stage III, round compact chromatin bodies surrounded by grape-shaped nuclear periphery. We have performed double labeling immunofluorescence microscopy of individual apoptotic cells and quantitative immunoblotting analysis of total proteins from apoptotic cell cultures. The results showed that degradation of nuclear envelope marker proteins occurred in a specific order. POM121 degradation occurred surprisingly early and was initiated before nucleosomal DNA degradation could be detected using TUNEL assay and completed before clustering of the nuclear pores. POM121 was eliminated significantly more rapid compared with NUP153 (a peripheral protein located in the nucleoplasmic basket of the nuclear pore complex) and lamin B (a component of the nuclear lamina). Disappearance of NUP153 and lamin B was coincident with onset of DNA fragmentation and clustering of nuclear pores. By contrast, the peripheral NPC protein p62 was degraded much later. The results suggest that degradation of POM121 may be an important early step in propagation of nuclear apoptosis.

National Category
Cell Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15844 (URN)000171889300008 ()11707516 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-0034757949 (ScopusID)
Available from: 2012-03-12 Created: 2012-03-09 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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  • ieee
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Output format
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