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Skin to Skin: Language in the Soviet Education of Deaf–Blind Children, the 1920s and 1930s
Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: Studies in East European thought, ISSN 0925-9392, E-ISSN 1573-0948, Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 321-337Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

The article deals with surdotiflopedagogika, a doctrine of special education for deaf-blind-mute children as it was developed in the USSR in the 1920s and 1930s. In the spirit of social constructivism of the early Stalinist society, surdotiflopedagogika presents itself as a technology for the manufacture of socially useful human beings out of handicapped children with sight and hearing impairments, "half-animals, half-plants". Surdotiflopedagogika's institutionalization and rationale as these were evolving under the special patronage of Maxim Gorkij are analysed. Its experimental aspect is also discussed. Exploring and implementing the most advanced ideas in the technology of communication, surdotiflopedagogika sought to compensate for the loss of speech, hearing, and sight by supplying the child with mechanical and human prostheses, including other people (assistants), technical devices, techniques of the body, and multiple communication codes to be translated from one into another. In the case of Soviet deaf-blind education, the Soviet subject appears as a technologically enhanced, collectively shared, and extended body in a permanent process of translation, internal as well as external. Technologies of language and acculturation that are of particular interest. Surdotiflopedagogika's method as it appears in the theoretical writing of Ivan Afanasjevic Sokoljanskij (1889-1960), the teacher of the legendary deaf-blind author and educator Ol'ga Ivanovna Skorokhodova (19147-1982) are given particular attention

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2008. Vol. 60, nr 4, s. 321-337
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URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-12921DOI: 10.1007/s11212-008-9064-9ISI: 000260967700005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-56649085110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-12921DiVA, id: diva2:454159
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-11-06 Laget: 2011-11-06 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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