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On Suicide in European Countries: Some Theoretical, Legal and Historical Views on Suicide Mortality and Its Concomitants
1997 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International , 1997. , s. 44
Serie
Stockholm studies in sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; 5
Nyckelord [sv]
Attityd, dödlighet, historia, lag, kultur, självmord, teori
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6567ISBN: 91-22-01753-4 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-6567DiVA, id: diva2:402860
Tillgänglig från: 2011-03-18 Skapad: 2011-03-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-06-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Are There Social Correlates to Suicide?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Are There Social Correlates to Suicide?
1997 (Engelska)Ingår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 44, nr 12, s. 1919-1929Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A structural-sociological approach to suicide research holds that an aggregate-level cause of suicide should correlate with the suicide rates in a population. In 1980, Sainsbury, Jenkins, and Levey published the article “The Social Correlates of Suicide in Europe” which related the suicide rates in 1961–1963 and the changes in them in the following 11 years to 15 social variables in 18 European countries. Its main findings were that the changes in suicide rates could be attributed to specific changes in the social environment. Complementary discriminant analyses showed that it was possible accurately to divide the countries into low- and high-change suicide rate groups on the basis of a combination of the social variables.

Although criticized for its method, the study has been widely quoted and sometimes presented as the most definitive current study on the subject. In order to see whether its results held for similar data 16 years later it was replicated for 1977–1979 and the ensuing 11 years, with data and method as similar as possible to the original.

The results agreed with those of the original study on only one point: the correlations between the levels of the social variables and those of the suicide rates were similar in both periods. However, changes in the suicide rates were unrelated to either the levels of the social variables or the changes in them: correlations found in the original study tended to change profoundly or disappear. Moreover, the results of the original discriminant analyses were a property of the method employed and thus independent of the data.

Statistical artefacts or social processes such as changing expectations are unlikely to explain the suddenly changing or vanishing correlations. The original correlations seem to have been largely spurious and dependent on the fact that the more modern countries in Europe experienced a “suicide boom” in the 1960s. As the boom waned in these, it was beginning in the less modern countries: the correlations between the processes indicated by the social variables and the suicide rates were reversed or disappeared.

The results call the existence of clear relations between these “suicidogenic” social circumstances and the suicide rates into question. Since many of the variables used are traditional “Durkheimian” indicators of the integration of society, a critique of this still-dominant view of the relationship between society and suicide mortality, or its common operationalization, is implied.

Nyckelord
Durkheim, modernisering, samhälle, självmord
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6556 (URN)10.1016/S0277-9536(97)00016-6 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2011-03-03 Skapad: 2011-03-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Suicide-Related Crimes in Contemporary European Criminal Laws
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Suicide-Related Crimes in Contemporary European Criminal Laws
1997 (Engelska)Ingår i: Crisis, ISSN 0227-5910, E-ISSN 2151-2396, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 35-47Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Describes suicide-related penal legislation in contemporary Europe, and analyzes and relates the results to cultural attitudes toward suicide and to national suicide rates. Data were obtained from 42 legal entities. Of these, 34 have penal regulations which—according to definition—chiefly and directly deal with suicide. There are 3 main types of act: aiding suicide, abetting suicide, and driving to suicide. The laws vary considerably with regard to which acts are sanctioned, how severely they are punished, and whether any special circumstances (e.g., the motive) can make the crime more serious. Various ideologies have inspired legislation, including religions, the euthanasia movement, and suicide prevention. There are some cases in which neighboring legal systems have clearly influenced laws on the topic. However, the process seems mostly to have been a national affair, resulting in large discrepancies between European legal systems. The laws seem to reflect public opinions: countries which punish the crimes harder have significantly less permissive cultural attitudes toward suicide. The cultural and normative elements of society seem to be connected with its suicide mortality.

Nyckelord
brott, dödshjälp, Europa, lag, självmord
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6578 (URN)10.1027/0227-5910.18.1.35 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2011-03-09 Skapad: 2011-03-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad
3. The decriminalization of suicide in sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The decriminalization of suicide in sweden
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6905 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2011-03-18 Skapad: 2011-03-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-06-26Bibliografiskt granskad
4. The importance of culture for suicide morality: a discussion of Durkheim and Parsons
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The importance of culture for suicide morality: a discussion of Durkheim and Parsons
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6907 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2011-03-18 Skapad: 2011-03-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-06-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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