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An examination of governance arrangements at Kisakasaka mangrove reserve in Zanzibar
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2166-5717
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5802-5126
2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 663-675Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study employs insights largely derived from critical reflections on the common pool resources (CPR) theory to examine the current governance arrangements in place to manage the mangrove forest at Kisakasaka, in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Kisakasaka was used as a site for a community-based management pilot project of forest resources in Zanzibar. After some initial success in setting up a local management structure and regulating access to the mangrove for mainly charcoal production, there are now clear indications that forest conditions have deteriorated dramatically with concomitant ongoing resource use problems for local villagers who have relied heavily on forest resources as a source of cash income. Extra-local factors, such as urban population increases and associated market pressures for charcoal, are also conjectured to overlay and interact with the institutional problems at Kisakasaka. As a result, over concern about the deterioration in the condition of the mangrove forest, the responsible government authority decided not to renew the community-based governance arrangements after an initial five-year pilot period. While revealing the inadequacies of existing governance arrangements and of its relationship to deteriorating forest conditions at Kisakasaka, this study concludes by suggesting an approach to more fully understand forces driving local resource management and use. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2008. Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 663-675
Nyckelord [en]
community-based natural resource management, CBNRM, mangroves, common pool, forests, resources, Zanzibar
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Miljövetenskapliga studier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6182DOI: 10.1007/s00267-007-9050-xISI: 000255113200004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-42449159799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-6182DiVA, id: diva2:397097
Tillgänglig från: 2011-02-11 Skapad: 2011-02-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. The Politics of People - Not Just Mangroves and Monkeys: A study of the theory and practice of community-based management of natural resources in Zanzibar
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Politics of People - Not Just Mangroves and Monkeys: A study of the theory and practice of community-based management of natural resources in Zanzibar
2011 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Community-based management of natural resource (CBNRM) projects have commonly failed to deliver conservation and development benefits. This thesis examined how the theoretical assumptions of common pool resource (CPR) theory have contributed to the indifferent performance of CBNRM projects. Evidence was gathered from two CBNRM case studies in Zanzibar to show that CPR institutional design does not sufficiently acknowledge the politics or social relations of project sites. Moreover, these limitations reduce CPR theory's explanatory power and the functionality of CBNRM projects. This is because CPR theory's influence on CBNRM projects is to frame people with fixed identities and related interests as 'rational resource users', rather than people enrolled in multiple network relations with differentiated means of influence, interests and responsibilities. Actor-oriented theory is used to show that CBNRM would benefit from a shift in the correlation with institutional design factors to understanding the operation of power and conflict at project sites. These findings suggest that currently CBNRM projects are too mired in concern about regulating the 'direct' relationship between resource users and conservation objectives, with problematic implications. It is shown that actor-oriented theory is more sensitive to the different capacities, interests and strategies of actors in CBNRM institutional transformation processes. While actor-oriented theory does not offer a parsimonious or predictive theory to reform CPR theory or CBNRM policy, it can provide insights into pre-project conditions and emergent practice useful for explaining project interventions. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2011. s. 74
Serie
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 58
Nyckelord
Actor-oriented theory, CBNRM, Community conservation, Conservation conflict, CPR theory, Environmental science, ICDP, Institutional theory, Mangroves, Participatory governance, Power, Zanzibar
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-11566 (URN)978-91-86069-31-5 (ISBN)
Disputation
2011-11-04, MA636, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Södertörns högskola, Huddinge, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2011-10-14 Skapad: 2011-09-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-04-25Bibliografiskt granskad

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