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Flavivirus NS5 associates with host-cell proteins zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and regulating synaptic membrane exocytosis-2 (RIMS2) via an internal PDZ binding mechanism
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Internationell hälsa. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper, Kemi.
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Biological chemistry (Print), ISSN 1431-6730, E-ISSN 1437-4315, Vol. 390, nr 4, s. 319-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Dengue virus (DENV) and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) are flaviviruses, which can cause lethal hemorrhagic fever and encephalitis, respectively. Here, we demonstrate that the TBEV-NS5 and DENV-NS5 proteins use an internal binding mechanism to target human PDZ proteins. TBEV-NS5 has high affinity to regulating synaptic membrane exocytosis-2 (RIMS2) and Scribble, whereas DENV-NS5 binds primarily to the tight junction protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1). Targeting of TBEV-NS5 to the plasma membrane is stabilised by ZO-1; however, DENV-NS5 co-localises with ZO-1 in the nucleus. These interactions have potential important roles in the ability of flaviviruses to manipulate cell proliferation, junction permeability and the interferon pathways.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2009. Vol. 390, nr 4, s. 319-323
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-6056DOI: 10.1515/BC.2009.041ISI: 000265160000005PubMedID: 19199833Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-64849087370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-6056DiVA, id: diva2:395509
Tillgänglig från: 2011-02-07 Skapad: 2011-02-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Functional characterization of interactions between the flavivirus NS5 protein and PDZ proteins of the mammalian host
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Functional characterization of interactions between the flavivirus NS5 protein and PDZ proteins of the mammalian host
2009 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Flaviviruses are found all over the world and affect and infect millions of people every year. Flavivirus infection can lead to severe clinical outcomes resulting in neuronal damages e.g. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), or severe hemorrhagic fevers e.g. Dengue virus (DENV). In order to effectively treat infected patients and to prevent these diseases we must understand how these viruses work and how they interfere with the mammalian host. This thesis is focusing on interactions between the virus protein NS5 and human host cell proteins. The interactions presented here might be key factors for out-come of viral disease. NS5 is the largest of the non-structural proteins and is essential for the replication and the capping as it contains both RNA dependent RNA polymerase and Methyltransferase domains. We found that TBEV NS5 interacts with human PDZ domain protein Scribble, a polarization protein important e.g. in regulating membrane trafficking. We determined that the interaction depend on a novel internal motif in TBEVNS5. This interaction could be correlated to NS5s ability to interfere with the immune system as absence of Scribble prevented NS5 from blocking phosphorylation of STAT upon Interferon induction. The role of NS5 in human PDZ domain targeting was addressed further by using a PDZ array system. Both TBEVNS5 and DENVNS5 bind additional PDZ domains using the internal motif. The tight junction protein ZO-1 binds both DENVNS5 and TBEVNS5. DENVNS5 is mainly present in the nucleus and co-localize with ZO-1 in un-polarized cells. In polarized cells TBEVNS5 and ZO-1 co-localize at the plasmamembrane. Putative C-terminal PDZ binding motifs of TBEVNS5 and WNVNS5 were characterized using the PDZ array system. This detected four novel binding partners of TBEVNS5 but numerous of potential WNVNS5 binding partners. We found that TBEVNS5 co-localizes with ZO-2 in the cellular membrane. Further, we found that TBEVNS5 induce the AP-1 by a 2 fold over the control.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Genetics, Microbiology and Toxicology, Stockholm University, 2009. s. 55
Serie
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 37
Nyckelord
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), West-Nile virus (WNV), Dengue virus (DENV), flavivirus, PDZ domains, ZO-2, ZO-1, RIMS2, Scribble, Interferon, JAK-STAT signaling, PDZ array, virus-host protein interaction
Nationell ämneskategori
Genetik
Forskningsämne
molekylärgenetik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-14748 (URN)948-91-86069-05-6 (ISBN)978-91-7155-891-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2009-06-11, MA 636, Södertörns högskola, Alfred Nobels allé 7, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2012-01-16 Skapad: 2012-01-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-01-16Bibliografiskt granskad

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