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Agroforestry as a tool toward sustainable development in Babati district
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper.
2009 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

In Babati district, Tanzania, agro-forestry land use system has been traditionally used for hundreds of years. It is a multi layer system with trees and/or bushes integrated with crops. That knowledge has been extended in the district through the land management programme, LAMP. It is said to be a “win-win” system with both economic and ecologic benefits. For a land use system to be sustainable, three spheres have to incorporate to reach a balanced development; the economic sphere, the ecologic sphere and the social sphere. To achievesustainable development, one sphere can not develop without the others. This study aims tosee if agro-forestry in Babati district balances all three spheres, if it is a proper tool toward sustainable development. It is a qualitative case study with semi-structured interviews with farmers in Babati and one interview in Sweden. The fieldwork in Babati where held under two weeks, based on interviews with farmers who practice agro-forestry and farmers who do not, and their opinion about it. The result indicates that it employs a lot of people and that the economy among farmers in the district has improved. Most farmers say their economy is more secure, because it is a multipurpose system and most people can adopt the technologies because high costs or advanced technology are not required. Farmers benefit from the ecosystem services provided from agro-forestry, for example water catchment and decreased soil erosion which also improves the environment. Soils regain their fertility and the land use becomes more resilient when trees integrate with crops. Many farmers believe the equity between gender has improved and that condition for women improves when fuel wood can be gathered from trees on the farm instead of walking long distances to a forest. The conclusion is that agro-forestry in Babati district fulfill more or less all three sustainability spheres and is a useful tool towards sustainable development, but has not yet reached full potential, there are possibilities for improvements and to scale up for greater benefits for all three spheres.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2009. , s. 38
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URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-2814OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-2814DiVA, id: diva2:272572
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(Engelska)
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Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-16 Skapad: 2009-10-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-10-16Bibliografiskt granskad

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