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Conceptualizing the European military-civilian-industrial complex: The need for a helicopter perspective
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1526-0521
Swedish Defence University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4249-4518
2023 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 561-588Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In his 1961 farewell address, US President Eisenhower coined the term “military-industrial complex,” referring to the coalescing of military, industrial, and political interest groups. In contemporary Europe, the military-industrial complex is arguably transforming into a complex with a noteworthy commercial civilian dimension, blurring traditional military and arms-focused understandings of European defence and security. Our emphasis on an added corporate civilian component captures the expansion of defence and security beyond the traditional military domain. Coalescing of industry and politics is observed in Europe, blurring the military-civilian divide, technologically as well as in organization and governance, particularly through public-private partnerships. Eisenhower, himself a decorated WWII general, warned of how the US military-industrial complex could lead to “disastrous use of misplaced power.” Rather than reiterating such a conclusion in the European context, our paper examines how the European military-civilian-industrial complex is emerging, looking at how elite participants shape the public-private structure of the complex, and specifically how policies on dual-use and emerging technologies influence developments in Europe. The focus herein is on novel actors, characteristics, and the European Union and charts out defining conceptual features of the defence and security industry in Europe

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2023. Vol. 3, no 4, p. 561-588
Keywords [en]
defence industry, military-civilian, emerging technologies, public-private partnerships
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52809DOI: 10.1080/14702436.2023.2277434Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85178922753OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-52809DiVA, id: diva2:1816768
Note

Funding: EIBURS (European Investment Bank University Research Sponsorship)

Research Project: “JEDI” (Joint Effort for the Defence Industry).

Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
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  • sodertorns-hogskola-oxford.csl
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
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  • sv-SE
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