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The transformation of propaganda: The continuities and discontinuities of information operations, from Soviet to Russian active measures
Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Media and Communication Studies. Örebro University, Swedenen.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4808-7670
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine; Princeton University, USA.
Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine; University of Pennsylvania, USA.
2023 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Media Studies, E-ISSN 2003-184X, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 68-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on the transformation of Soviet Cold War propaganda into the contemporary Russian information operations, bringing together two distinct periods characterised with the rise of new and sophisticated techniques. By comparing propaganda instructions in KGB manuals and the practices of the propagandists behind the 2014–2020 Secondary Infektion campaign, we find out what of the “analogue” Cold War propaganda remains in the present-day computational propaganda and how exactly Soviet propaganda techniques evolved into the new mediascape. This highlights both strong continuities of methods and techniques and certain discontinuities. Our analysis also contributes to the understanding of the very concept of propaganda, singling out such aspects as covertness, negativity, and inauthenticity as especially ingrained features of the Russian style of propaganda that are also regrettably often overlooked in generic definitions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nordicom, 2023. Vol. 5, no 1, p. 68-94
Keywords [en]
propaganda, disinformation, active measures, Soviet Union, KGB, Cold War, Russia, Secondary InfektionNordic Journal ofMEDIA STUDIES
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52535DOI: 10.2478/njms-2023-0005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-52535DiVA, id: diva2:1807078
Available from: 2023-10-24 Created: 2023-10-24 Last updated: 2023-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Horbyk, Roman

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-oxford.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf