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Prácticas ancestrales en tiempos de COVID-19: Reflexiones decoloniales desde tres comunidades Kichwa-Otavalos
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
Universidad de Otavalo, Ecuador.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8113-2413
2023 (Spanish)In: Revista Dialógica Intercultural, ISSN 2960-0847, no 1, p. 86-119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [es]

El argumento central del presente artículo es que en las periferias de la modernidad existen prácticas y conocimientos muy valiosos para comprender el mundo y para el manejo de situaciones críticas. En el contexto de la crisis pandémica global del Covid-19, este texto examina y problematiza las reacciones, estrategias y actitudes frente a la pandemia en tres comunidades Kichwas de la Sierra Norte ecuatoriana: La Calera, Huaycopungo y Punyaro. Partiendo desde una lógica teórica decolonial, sobre los mecanismos y estructuras de dominación y subordinación de ciertos grupos sociales y mediante un estudio de caso etnográfico comparativo y participativo, el resultado del artículo indica que el impacto del Covid-19 en las comunidades fue mínima. Asimismo, desde su ontología y tradiciones Kichwas, las tres comunidades reactivaron y expandieron la producción agrícola comunitaria y ampliaron sus prácticas de tratamientos medicinales ancestrales. Del mismo modo, podemos concluir que, desde el inicio de la pandemia, hubo un grado fuerte de desobediencia parcial o completa de las poblaciones indígenas hacia las restricciones y políticas estatales frente al Covid-19, e, incluso, una cantidad de los voceros Kichwas ni siquiera creía en la pandemia o las vacunas.

Abstract [en]

The central argument of this article is that, in the peripheries of modernity, highly valuable practices and knowledge exist, vis-à-vis the understanding the world and for the management of crisis situations. In the context of the global pandemic crisis of Covid-19, this text examines and problematizes the reactions, strategies, and attitudes to the pandemic in three Kichwa communities of the northern Ecuadorian highlands: La Calera, Huaycopungo and Punyaro. From a decolonial theoretical point of departure, regarding mechanisms and structures of domination and subordination of certain social groups, and through a comparative ethnographic and participatory case study, the result of the article indicates that the impact of Covid-19 on communities was minimal. Moreover, leaning on Kichwa ontology and traditions, the three communities reactivated and expanded community agricultural production and broadened the practices of ancestral medicinal treatments. Similarly, we conclude that, since the beginning of the pandemic, there was a strong degree of partial or complete disobedience of indigenous populations towards state restrictions and policies amidst Covid-19, and even that a number of Kichwa spokespersons did not even believe in the pandemic or the vaccines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cochabamba, Bolivia: Proeib-Andes, Universidad Mayor de San Simón/UMSS , 2023. no 1, p. 86-119
Keywords [en]
Covid-19, decoloniality, communitarian strategies, Kichwa-Otavalos, ancestral practices.
Keywords [es]
Covid-19, decolonialidad, estrategias comunitarias, Kichwa-Otavalos, prácticas ancestrales
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Other research area; Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52050DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7893614OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-52050DiVA, id: diva2:1787271
Available from: 2023-08-11 Created: 2023-08-11 Last updated: 2023-08-21Bibliographically approved

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Lalander, Rickard

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