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Baltutlämningen och Suveränitet: Maktkampen mellan Regeringen, Riksdagen och Pressen om de Internerade Balterna 1945-1946
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för historia och samtidsstudier, Idéhistoria.
2023 (Svenska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (konstnärlig kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)Alternativ titel
The Swedish Extradition of Balts and Sovereignty : The Power Struggle between the government, parliament and the press about the detained balts 1945-1946 (Engelska)
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the Swedish extradition of Balts who fought for the Axis powers in the Baltic eastern front during World War II. While previous research has focused on the fate of the detained, this study examines the political crisis that ensued from the extradition process. By employing a perspective of sovereignty, the study investigates the power struggle between the government, the Swedish press, and the parliament.

 

The theoretical framework of domestic sovereignty is utilised to analyse the power dynamics involved in the extradition. Drawing upon classical political thinkers, this study defines domestic sovereignty as the exclusive concentration of power within a central authority, without power-sharing among various entities. This concept differs from Westphalian sovereignty, where a central authority is independent from other sovereign states within its territory.

 

Through the lens of domestic sovereignty, this paper addresses two key questions. Firstly, it demonstrates that the prolonged and intensified extradition process resulted from the government's diminished ability to uphold domestic sovereignty. The press exerted influence over both the government and parliament, thereby creating a shared power structure. Secondly, the investigation suggests that the government proceeded with the extradition when it successfully reclaimed domestic sovereignty and reasserted itself as the sole authority.

 

To enhance the analysis, a critical discourse analysis is employed. This approach identifies the press as an influential agent capable of shaping public opinion and constituting discourse, rather than merely reflecting it. In this case, the press is recognised as a powerful actor engaged in a struggle for influence. The analysis incorporates text materials from four sources: newspaper articles covering the extradition, An interpellation in the Swedish parliament, documents from the foreign affairs committee of the parliament and government, and the diaries and notes of Swedish foreign minister Östen Undén.

 

Furthermore, the study investigates the parallels between domestic sovereignty and Westphalian sovereignty. As the government faced pressure from the Soviet Union, its Westphalian sovereignty was challenged, leading to it reclaiming its domestic sovereignty. This finding highlights the interconnectedness between these two forms of sovereignty in the context of the Swedish extradition of Balts during World War II.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2023. , s. 39
Nyckelord [en]
Swedish extradition of Balts, World War II, power struggle, domestic sovereignty, Westphalian sovereignty, press influence, political crisis.
Nyckelord [sv]
Baltutlämningen, andra världskriget, maktkamp, inhemsk suveränitet, westfalisk suveränitet, politisk kris
Nationell ämneskategori
Historia Idé- och lärdomshistoria
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-51798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-51798DiVA, id: diva2:1773396
Ämne / kurs
Idéhistoria
Presentation
(Svenska)
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2023-06-26 Skapad: 2023-06-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-06-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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