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Närbyråkraters förändring i handlingsutrymme över tid i kris: En kvaliativ fallstudie om lärares agerande under coronapandemin
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Public Administration.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines teachers' discretion during the COVID-19-pandemic. Unlike many other countries, the Swedish government chose its own way and implicated public restrictions that made it possible for preschools and elementary schools to remain open. While high schools and higher educational institutions, during certain parts of the pandemic were forced to distance education. Drawing on insights from street-level theories and street-level-bureaucraty in crisis, the study explores how the teachers have experienced that the coronapandemic, and the policies pursued as a result of it, have affected their discretion over time. This study adopts a qualitative research design and the data is retrieved from newspaper articles from the two trade unions for teachers. By applying Gioias et al. (2013) method to group the data into overall concepts and dimensions the results of the study show that teachers have constantly had to pay attention to new restrictions and guidelines decided by politicians with input from the Public Health Agency based on the current spread of infection in society. The lack of experience and knowledge of similar situations was limiting the teachers' discretion at the beginning of the pandemic, but as the crisis developed so did the teachers' experience and knowledge which increased their discretion. The teachers have also experienced that their discretion has been limited by the lack of financial resources, lack of time, and lack of information about the virus. They have developed coping strategies into their work to balance the contradictions in their work during the pandemic. Finally, the findings confirm that the teachers have acted on the basis of what has been possible in the current situation at the current time within the framework of the regulations.

Abstract [sv]

Den här studien studerar den del av förvaltningsforskningen som innefattar tjänstepersoner som arbetar närmast medborgarna, närbyråkrater, och hur de agerar utifrån politiska styrdokument under tid av kris. Studien syftar till att studera hur lärare, som räknas in i epitetet närbyråkrater, har upplevt att coronapandemin, och den politiken som förts till följd av den, har påverkat och format deras handlingsutrymme över tid. Med utgångspunkt i Lipskys teori om närbyråkrater och handlingsutrymme presenterar den teoretiska refererensramen vidare forskning om kris och lärares upplevelser av pandemins inledande månader.

Denna fallstudie har genomförts med en kvalitativ metod för att djupgående kunna ge en analyserande bild av närbyråkraters agerande i kris. Datainsamlingen har genomförts genom en kodnings-och tolkningsprocess av tidningsartiklar från de två fackförbunden, Lärarförbundet och Lärarnas Riksförbundet. Den studerade tidsperioden är februari 2020- februari 2022.

Studiens resultat visar på att lärarnas handlingsutrymme under coronapandemin har reglerats av de nya restriktioner och riktlinjer beslutade av politiker med input från Folkhälsomyndigheten (Fohm) som grundats i den aktuella smittspridningen i samhället. Bristen på information, finansiella medel och tid har begränsat lärarnas handlingsutrymme vilket har resulterat i ett sämre möte mellan lärarna och eleverna. I takt med att pandemin har fortlöpt har lärarnas handlingsutrymme formats av deras växande erfarenhet och kunskap om att bedriva undervisning under en pandemi. Slutligen visar studien att lärarna har agerat utifrån vad som varit möjligt i den aktuella situationen vid den aktuella tidpunkten inom ramen för regelverket.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 86
Keywords [en]
COVID-19, pandemic, crisis, street-level-bureaucracy, discretion, teachers
Keywords [sv]
COVID-19, pandemi, kris, närbyråkrater, handlingsutrymme, lärare
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-49158OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-49158DiVA, id: diva2:1666282
Subject / course
Public Administration
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-06-09 Created: 2022-06-08 Last updated: 2022-06-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard.csl
  • sodertorns-hogskola-oxford.csl
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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