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Changing effect of the numerator-denominator bias in unlinked data on mortality differentials by education: evidence from Estonia, 2000-2015
Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany; Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9959-9292
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Sociology. Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4453-4760
2021 (English)In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 75, no 1, p. 88-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background This study highlights changing disagreement between census and death record information in the reporting of the education of the deceased and shows how these reporting differences influence a range of mortality inequality estimates.

Methods This study uses a census-linked mortality data set for Estonia for the periods 2000–2003 and 2012–2015. The information on the education of the deceased was drawn from both the censuses and death records. Range-type, Gini-type and regression-based measures were applied to measure absolute and relative mortality inequality according to the two types of data on the education of the deceased.

Results The study found a small effect of the numerator–denominator bias on unlinked mortality estimates for the period 2000–2003. The effect of this bias became sizeable in the period 2012–2015: in high education group, mortality was overestimated by 23–28%, whereas the middle education group showed notable underestimation of mortality. The same effect was small for the lowest education group. These biases led to substantial distortions in range-type inequality measures, whereas unlinked and linked Gini-type measures showed somewhat closer agreement.

Conclusions The changing distortions in the unlinked estimates reported in this study warn that this type of evidence cannot be readily used for monitoring changes in mortality inequalities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2021. Vol. 75, no 1, p. 88-91
Keywords [en]
Eastern Europe, Education, Inequalities, Measurement, Mortality
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41627DOI: 10.1136/jech-2020-214487ISI: 000607301500015PubMedID: 32699139Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85094185742OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-41627DiVA, id: diva2:1455662
Part of project
Large-scale macroeconomic changes and their impact on inequalities in mortality: a register-based study of mortality in the countries of the Baltic Sea region 2000-2011, Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P15-0520:1Max Planck SocietyAvailable from: 2020-07-28 Created: 2020-07-28 Last updated: 2022-07-12Bibliographically approved

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Leinsalu, Mall

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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