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Problematisk skolfrånvaro: En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens upplevelser kring barn och unga som inte går till skolan
Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education, Education.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Problematic school absenteeism : A qualitative study of social workers' experiences about children and young people who do not go to school (English)
Abstract [en]

This study is a qualitative study that will examine the social workers experiences of children and young people in grades 7–9 with long-term school absence. With the help of von Wright's relational perspective, Antonovsky's salutogenic theory and SOC, the results have been analyzed. Previous research has focused on the problems from a school perspective and considered that, among other things, inadequate school environment and teacher support were the causes of school absenteeism. But also learning problems and that students saw the school as irrelevant to their future.

The study was conducted through four different qualitative interviews on persons active in the social services children's and youth unit. Using a hermeneutic method, the interviews have been interpreted to create an understanding of the interviewees' experiences. The result is presented in three main sections where, among other reasons, the reasons showed that diagnoses and lacking support from parents were the pervasive pattern everyone experienced. All interviewed hold similar perspectives on the reasons why children do not to go to school. These are different from previous research reported. Social workers' perspectives on how to meet and treat children in their work differ between each other emotionally, but also the commitment and relational thought to the child.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie är en kvalitativ intervjustudie som kommer att undersöka socialarbetares upplevelser kring barn och unga i årskurs 7–9 som inte går till skolan. Med hjälp av von Wrights relationella perspektiv, Colneruds tolkning på omsorgsetiken, Antonovskys salutogena teori och KASAM så har resultatet analyserats. Tidigare forskning har fokuserat på problematiken från ett skolperspektiv och ansåg att bland annat bristfällig skolmiljö och stöd från lärare var orsakerna till skolfrånvaron. Men även att eleverna hade inlärningsproblematik som de inte fick stöd i samt att eleverna såg skolan som irrelevant för sin framtid.

Studien har genomförts genom fyra olika kvalitativa intervjuer med socialarbetare som är verksamma inom socialtjänstens barn- och ungdomsenhet. Med en hermeneutisk metod har intervjuerna tolkats för att skapa en förståelse kring de intervjuades upplevelser. Resultatet presenteras i tre huvudavsnitt där bland annat orsakerna visade att diagnoser och bristfälligt stöd från föräldrar var det genomgående mönstret samtliga upplevde. Samtliga intervjuade innehar liknande perspektiv på orsakerna varför vissa barn inte går till skolan. Dessa skiljer sig från den tidigare forskning som redovisats. Arbetet och socialarbetarnas perspektiv på hur man möter och behandlar barn skiljer sig mellan varandra både känslomässigt, men också engagemanget och relationell betraktelse till barnet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
School dropout, social workers, salutogenesis, relational, SOC
Keywords [sv]
Hemmasittare, socialtjänst, salutogenes, relationell, KASAM
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40181OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-40181DiVA, id: diva2:1392780
Subject / course
Education
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-10 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved

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3031323334353633 of 97
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