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Nej, jag vill inte! Det är så pinsamt att säga fel.: En kvalitativ observationsstudie om hur lärare gör för att motivera elever till att våga och vilja prata engelska på engelskalektionerna i årskurs 4–6
Södertörn University, School of Culture and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In today's schools many pupils in grades 4-6 do not want to or dare to speak English in English lessons. For various reasons, they find it embarrassing not being able to answer in the target language, not knowing what to say or how to pronounce a word.

The purpose of this study is to find out how Swedish teachers work to motivate pupils to speak English in English lessons at school. The research questions were the following:

  • How much time is spent practicing oral ability? 
  • What oral activities do teachers use to get pupils to speak English during lessons?
  • How do teachers act to encourage pupils to speak English? 

The study is based on a qualitative method: open observation. Five teachers were observed on two occasions each. By using this method, it was possible to observe what the teachers were doing and not what they would tell the interviewer that they do. The results were analyzed using theories such as Willingness to communicate (WTC), and concepts such as scaffolding and motivation.

 

The results showed that the teachers spoke English to the pupils to a different extent, between 8-25 minutes. This was interpreted as the teachers adapting their teaching and speaking time in the target language to the particular class that they taught in. The tasks and the size of the groups in which the pupils worked varied, from working in full class to working in pairs. By having different group sizes, the teachers created a safe environment for the pupils which motivated the them to speak English. The teachers also motivated the pupils to want to and dare to speak English through verbal and non-verbal feedback, such as body language, gestures, smiles, and encouraging nods. They also said, “good job” and “I know you can do this”. Through these actions, the teachers encouraged pupils to speak in the target language, in particular, those who are perceived as introverted and those who may have low self-esteem and motivation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 40
Keywords [sv]
Vilja att kommunicera, stöttning, motivation, engelska, lärares strategi, klassrum
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39677OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-39677DiVA, id: diva2:1381966
Subject / course
English
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2019-12-30 Last updated: 2020-01-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf