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Toward the Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan
University of Helsinki.
Aarhus University.
Natural Resources Institute, Finland.
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2019 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, no 11, p. 1377-1388Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the main weaknesses and key avenues for improvement of nutrient policies in the Baltic Sea region. HELCOM's Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), accepted by the Baltic Sea countries in 2007, was based on an innovative ecological modeling of the Baltic Sea environment and addressed the impact of the combination of riverine loading and transfer of nutrients on the ecological status of the sea and its sub-basins. We argue, however, that the assigned country-specific targets of nutrient loading do not reach the same level of sophistication, because they are not based on careful economic and policy analysis. We show an increasing gap between the state-of-the-art policy alternatives and the existing command-and-control-based approaches to the protection of the Baltic Sea environment and outline the most important steps for a Baltic Sea Socioeconomic Action Plan. It is time to raise the socioeconomic design of nutrient policies to the same level of sophistication as the ecological foundations of the BSAP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 48, no 11, p. 1377-1388
Keywords [en]
Cost-effectiveness, Incentives, Innovation, Manure, Performance-based policy
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39616DOI: 10.1007/s13280-019-01264-0ISI: 000490381700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-39616DiVA, id: diva2:1380421
Funder
BONUS - Science for a better future of the Baltic Sea regionAvailable from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2019-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Elofsson, Katarina

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf