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Minskar stöket i utsatta områden omhyresgästerna bor kvar längre?
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Hallunda/Norsborg is considered to be an unsafe residential area. Most likely, young people cause adisproportionate high amount of the portion of the insecurity that is related to crime. Therefore it is hereassumed that the insecurity would decrease more with time if society succeeded in motivating more ofthe tenants stay until old age, compared to other possible measures that society can do to improve thesituation. Because the amount of teenager would decline, since we only have teenage children during aperiod of our lives.In this study, longitudinal data regarding the turnover of lease contracts and a number of other factors,have been collected and compared with data regarding the amount of reported crimes committed in thearea.The results show that, measured in the turnover of lease contracts, the tenants stay longer. But despitethis, the amount teenagers and reported crimes has not diminished. However, data from the court forrental issues indicates that the illegal second hand rental of the apartment has increased during theperiod. Thus the conclusion is that the assumption can neither be rejected nor substantiated. Moreoverthe socio-economic status of the residents and the number of police in the area has increased. But thepupils' performance in elementary school has not improved.

Abstract [sv]

Hallunda/Norsborg anses vara ett otryggt bostadsområde. Sannolikt orsakar ungdomar oproportionelltmycket av den del av otryggheten som är relaterad till brott. Om så verkligen är fallet antas här attotryggheten skulle minska mer med tiden om samhället lyckades motivera fler av hyresgästerna till attbo kvar till ålderdomen, jämfört med andra möjliga åtgärder som samhället kan göra för att förbättrasituationen. Eftersom ungdomarna i så fall skulle bli färre, då vi bara har tonårsbarn under en period avvåra liv.I denna studie har data mellan år 2000-2018 rörande ut-/inflyttningen samt ett antal andra faktorer pågruppnivå, som kan ha betydelse för ungdomarnas benägenhet att begå brott studerats och jämförts meddata för antalet brott begångna i området.Resultaten visar att, mätt i omsättningen av hyreskontrakt, bor hyresgästerna kvar längre. Men trots dethar varken antalet ungdomar eller mängden brott minskat. Data från hyresnämnden tyder dock på att denolovliga andra hands uthyrningen av bostäderna har ökat under perioden. Slutsatsen av jämförelsen äratt antagandet varken kan förkastas eller beläggas. Vidare har den socioekonomiska statusen för deboende och antalet poliser i området ökat. Däremot har elevernas prestationer i grundskolan inteförbättrats.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
juvenile delinquency, exposed neighborhoods, housing, social security, school achievements, leisure activities, crime prevention
Keywords [sv]
Ungdomsbrottslighet, utsatta områden, boende, försörjningsstöd, skolprestationer, fritidsaktiviteter, brottsprevention
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38260OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38260DiVA, id: diva2:1321804
Subject / course
Social Work
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-10 Created: 2019-06-10 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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