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Política identitaria e interseccionalidad en la Venezuela Bolivariana: Reflexiones sobre el protagonismo de las mujeres de los sectores populares (2006-2013)
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
2018 (Spanish)In: Ontosemiótica, ISSN 2477-9482, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 35-59Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article problematizes the empowerment of Venezuelan women of the popular sec­tors, who previously were marginalized in terms of gender, ethnicity and class. More specifically, the study focuses on the protagonist role of women in the Community Cou­ncils during 2006-2013. An additional interrelated aim of the study is to question the myth of Venezuela as the least racist country of Latin America. Theoretically, the study connects to an old debate of Leftist academia, namely on how to deal with the identi­tarian elements of class, ethnicity and gender in a broader socio-political setting. This viewpoint is contrasted with the theoretical-methodological framing of intersectionality, which considers the relationships between different identitarian elements at individual and collective level. The article shows that gender, class and ethnicity are intimately and complexly intertwined among the protagonists, and that these identity bases cross each other in local political situations. A further argument is that, generally, class-based identity appears to be superior to those of gender and ethnicity in socio-political settings. Methodologically, the study is based on critical reading of previous literature and, above all, ethnographic fieldwork in Venezuela between 1996 and 2013, including participa­tory observation and hundreds of interviews with actors involved in these political and socio-cultural processes.

Abstract [es]

Este artículo problematiza el empoderamiento de las mujeres venezolanas de los secto­res populares que antes eran marginadas en términos de género, etnicidad y clase. Más específicamente se enfoca el caso de la presencia y el rol de las mujeres en los Conse­jos Comunales entre 2006 y 2013. Un objetivo complementario subyacente es también cuestionar seriamente el mito sobre Venezuela como “el país menos racista” de América Latina. Teóricamente, el estudio conecta a un viejo debate teórico e ideológico de la academia global izquierdista de cómo abordar los elementos identitarios de clase, género y raza/etnicidad en un contexto político-social más amplio. Esta perspectiva se contrasta con el marco teórico-metodológico de la interseccionalidad sobre las relaciones entre diferentes elementos identitarios en los individuos y colectivos. El estudio muestra que estas bases identitarias - género, clase y etnicidad - están íntimamente y complejamente entrelazados entre los protagonistas, y estos elementos identitarios se cruzan en los nive­les locales de la política. Otro argumento es que la identidad definida por clase tiende a ser superior a la del género y la etnicidad en contextos socio-políticos. Metodológica­mente, el estudio se basa en la lectura crítica de publicaciones anteriores, y sobre todo de trabajo etnográfico en Venezuela entre 1996 y 2013, incluso observaciones participativas y centenares de entrevistas con las actoras y los actores involucrados en estos procesos políticos y socio-culturales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trujillo, Venezuela, 2018. Vol. 7, no 3, p. 35-59
Keywords [en]
Community councils, identity politics, intersectionality, class-ethnicity-gender tensions, women´s protagonism, Venezuela.
Keywords [es]
Consejos comunales, interseccionalidad, política identitaria, protagonismo femenino, tensiones clase-etnicidad-género, Venezuela.
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Politics, Economy and the Organization of Society; Critical and Cultural Theory; Other research area
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37078OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-37078DiVA, id: diva2:1274181
Available from: 2018-12-28 Created: 2018-12-28 Last updated: 2018-12-28Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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