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Why Does Deliberative Community Consultation in Large-Scale Land Acquisitions Fail?: A Critical Analysis of Mozambican Experiences
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5522-5280
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2581-2588
2018 (English)In: Revista iberoamericana de estudios de desarrollo / Iberoamerican Journal of Development Studies, E-ISSN 2254-2035, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 164-193Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Community consultation prior to large-scale land acquisitions (LSLA) is a cornerstone that justifies the portrayal of projects as partnerships or land grabs. This study focuses on one of the countries most targeted by LSLA in the last decade, namely, Mozambique. We examine the legal and theoretical bases that support community consultations and analyse their corresponding everyday practices in Mozambique. The article argues that, although the existence of these participatory forums is inspired by normative ideals of popular deliberation, the prevailing practices in these spaces are diametrically opposed to deliberative foundations and values. As shown in this study, this mismatch between theory that is institutionalized in legal frameworks and practice derives largely from the interplay of hierarchical relations anchored in, inter alia, formal and customary ethnically based realms, gender disparities, and livelihood orientations. A core argument of the article is that any attempt to ameliorate these practices must consider critical insights regarding the centrality of enhancing social equality and inclusion in participatory spaces —challenges that are immense in places marked by deep structural inequalities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 164-193
Keywords [en]
consultation, deliberative democracy, large-scale land acquisition, land-grabbing, land rights, Mozambique
Keywords [es]
consultas, democracia deliberativa, adquisición de tierras a gran escala, apropiación de tierras, derechos a la tierra, Mozambique
National Category
Law and Society Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36725DOI: 10.26754/ojs_ried/ijds.274Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85056593972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-36725DiVA, id: diva2:1261926
Note

Fieldwork supported by the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography, and the foundation Forskraftstiftelsen Theodor Adelswärds Minne.

Available from: 2018-11-09 Created: 2018-11-09 Last updated: 2018-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Porsani, JulianaLalander, Rickard

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