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“Before we asked for permission, now we only give notice”: Women’s entrance into artisanal fisheries in Chile
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7538-004X
Södertörn University, School of Natural Sciences, Technology and Environmental Studies, Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2166-5717
2018 (English)In: Maritime Studies, ISSN 1872-7859, E-ISSN 2212-9790, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 177-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Small-scale fisheries (SSF) in the Global South are increasingly subjected to the internationalisation of food systems. Guided by a feminist political ecology approach, we examine how gender relations and power structures within SSF are changing through policy interventions and market linkages. Chilean women working in SSF have traditionally been unregistered direct producers. Since the early 2000s, however, women have formally entered as fishers within this hitherto male-dominated space. Today, women constitute almost a quarter of artisanal fishers in Chile. While women have become more visible, among others, in their engagement in territorial use rights in fisheries (TURFs), little research attention has been paid to women’s roles within SSF. We redress this shortfall by examining the struggle to obtain TURFs by an all-women seaweed gatherers union in Coliumo (Bio-Bio Region, Chile). Using participatory research tools, we describe key gendered interactions and events over a local struggle for resources. Our findings show how closely related episodes of cooperation and conflict were involved in realising TURFs, which included differently-gendered relationships. While the women implicated in formalising fishing entitlements accrued individual benefit and enhanced their collective standing, the conflict left a deep scar among women in the community.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 17, no 2, p. 177-188
Keywords [en]
Women seaweed gatherers, Gender, TURFs, Power struggles, Coastal resources, Community conflicts, Chile
National Category
Gender Studies Social Anthropology
Research subject
Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36552DOI: 10.1007/s40152-018-0110-zISI: 000447526400007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055042237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-36552DiVA, id: diva2:1256079
Funder
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 2015-05934International Social Science CouncilAvailable from: 2018-10-16 Created: 2018-10-16 Last updated: 2019-04-25Bibliographically approved

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GallardoSaunders2018(2102 kB)47 downloads
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Gallardo-Fernandez, Gloria L.Saunders, Fred

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Citation style
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