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The Patterns of Democratic Backsliding: A systematic comparison of Hungary, Turkey and Venezuela
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Political Science.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This dissertation attempts to answer the research question on whether there is a common pattern of democratic backsliding. Levitsky and Ziblatt’s theoretical model of democratic backsliding is utilized as the guiding theory. The theory suggests that Democratic Backsliding has three stages where different goals are attempted to be achieved. The goals are first to take over state institutions, thereafter to use these institutions to target political opponents and protect the government from criticism. The third stage concerns entrenching the political dominance.

The research question is answered by a systematic comparison of Hungary, Turkey and Venezuela. The results are that each case does follow the suggested path of democratic backsliding, with certain differences. More emphasis is put on the media, election monitoring, and how the institutions are controlled. The institutions are often taken control over by hijacking the nomination process, a fact overlooked by the theoretical model. These aspects are not expanded on in the theoretical model, and this dissertation suggest adding these to the model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 71
Keywords [en]
Democratic Backsliding, Liberal Democracy, Hungary, Turkey, Venezuela
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-36118DiVA, id: diva2:1241370
Subject / course
Political Science
Presentation
2018-06-01, Huddinge Konferenscenter, Patron Pehrs väg 3, Huddinge, 10:45 (English)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-23 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf