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Halv måne, heligt krig: Radikalisering av muslimska krigsfångar i Halbmondlager under första världskriget – en arkivstudie
Södertörn University, School of Historical and Contemporary Studies, Study of Religions.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This essay tells the story of the German POW-camp Halbmondlager (eng. Crescent Moon Camp), and explores why the leadership’s goal of radicalizing the Muslim POWs was unsuccessful. Halbmondlager was located in Wünsdorf, an hour away from Berlin, and active during World War I. Inside the walls of the camp, the goal was to turn the ca. 3000 Muslim POWs ­­– that had previously fought in the French and English armies ­– into Jihadists, prepared to fight in an holy war for Germany against the French-English alliance. In retrospect, the project was admittedly a failure. In the first part of the essay’s analysis, I give a description of the camp environment, put together through qualitative text analysis of archive material collected at the Political Archive at the Foreign Office in Berlin. In the second part of the analysis, I explore why the radicalization project failed, by analyzing the camp and its environment through modern relational radicalization theory, and the leadership’s thoughts on Islam. My conclusion is that the relational radicalization theory exposes more than one reason as to why the POWs did not become radicalized, but that it is also necessary to keep the then dominant thoughts of Islam as a religion connected to war in mind to get a full picture of why the project failed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , p. 51
Keywords [en]
Crescent Moon Camp, Radicalization, Radicalization Theory, Jihad, Ottoman Empire, Germany, Relational Perspective
Keywords [sv]
Halbmondlager, radikalisering, radikaliseringsteori, jihad, islamm Osmanska Riket, Tyskland, första världskriget, relationellt perspektiv
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-31845DiVA, id: diva2:1068112
Subject / course
The Study of Religions
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf