sh.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The effectiveness of the Stockholm needle exchange programme: Does the Stockholm needle exchange programme control HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C in intravenous drug users?
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
2019 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

The needle exchange programme (NEP) started in Sweden in 1986 in Lund and shortly after in Malmo. The first NEP in Stockholm opened in spring 2013. The NEP is a service aimed at intravenous drug users (IDU) from 18 years old, with a goal of preventing the blood borne diseases, such as HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV), and Hepatitis C (HCV). With the on going HIV and Hepatitis epidemics, numerous countries around the world have adopted control strategies, such as the NEP to halt the spread of HIV, HBV, and HCV. The objective of this study was to examine if the needle exchange programme has decreased the incidence of HIV, HBV, and HCV in Sweden over a six-year period. 

METHODS:

Data for incidence and prevalence was extracted from the yearly reports of the Stockholm’s needle exchange programme from 2013 to 2018 and the yearly reports of the public health agency in Sweden from 2013 to 2018. The data was collected for Stockholm, and compared to Västra Götaland, and the whole of Sweden.

RESULTS:

The incidence of HIV was zero in 2013 and 2015 in the NEP. The incidence of HBV decreased to zero in 2013 in the NEP. There is an increased incidence of HCV in the NEP.

CONCLUSION:

The NEP has a protective effect through its combination of needle exchange, opiate substitute therapy, counselling, and vaccinations in reducing and stabilising incidences of the infections, in some instances to zero, as well as providing surveillance and treating infections.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2019. , s. 21
Nyckelord [en]
Needle exchange programme (NEP), Intravenous drug users (IDU), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV), Infectious Disease Control
Nationell ämneskategori
Sociologi Hälsovetenskaper
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38802OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38802DiVA, id: diva2:1346723
Ämne / kurs
Miljövetenskap
Uppsök
samhälle/juridik
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2019-08-29 Skapad: 2019-08-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-08-29Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(369 kB)53 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 369 kBChecksumma SHA-512
3fda044e6203b79482cfa9b93052dc3949f39f4b39f0bd04ca67706e21ed1a5c9d196ae031a46b3955962d2e53fc2501f5a10239dbbd07a681e0503281cad048
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Av organisationen
Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik
SociologiHälsovetenskaper

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 53 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

urn-nbn
Totalt: 102 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-anglia-ruskin-university
  • apa-old-doi-prefix.csl
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf