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Ethics within Journalistic Cultures in Spain and Sweden: A study on text and images from mainstream media online digital editions
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Journalistik.
2018 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

The topic of men’s violence against women has become visible in the recent years in the Western world, thanks to Social Media Network campaigns and digital news articles reporting these cases. The factors which affect or delimit journalist’s writings from different countries and their way of ‘doing’ journalism, might rely on the journalistic ethical boundaries within the journalistic cultures journalists inhabit.

I explore and compare in this thesis the performative ethical action of journalists emerging from their writings and between the journalistic cultures of Spain and Sweden. Eighteen articles are analysed in a comparative and cross-national manner (Esser et al. 2012; Hanitzsch et al. 2011; Weaver 1998) helped by the Three Dimensional Critical Discourse Analysis model (Fairclough 1992/3; 1995)  and Semiotics (Wang 2014; Barthes 1957, 1963, 1964). ‘Diffraction’ (Barad 2007; Haraway 1997, 2004) is employed  as complementary perspective to reflect critically on differences, revealing where and how these materialize in regard to ethics within journalistic cultures.   

The study  finds and concludes  that the performative ethical action of the journalist differs in regard to crime-news reported in each country. Detailed information of the parties involved in sexual violence is written in Spanish news-articles more often than in those from Sweden. The approach to these crimes seem to be framed by the journalistic ethical boundaries, journalistic cultures and personal ethical choices existing in both countries. These ethical ideas manifest by actions  -the published journalistic text - are relative and contextual. The cases told are part of the social realities of both countries, but are being experienced and performed (in writing) in a different manner also in terms of journalistic dimensions.

The information presented to the news consumer in both written and visual form, differ or it is very similar between these countries, depending if it comes from mainstream ‘quality’ or ‘tabloid’ media outlets, but neutral images to illustrate the news-articles are the shown by both. Whereas the selected Spanish medias could be framed under a professional and relative ethical approach, the Swedish would fall under the category of professional and idealistic ethics. The similarities are that journalists from both countries keep-on informing on cases of men’s violence against women within the limits of  journalistic ethics and seem to be important key-actors producing information, culture and journalistic culture they inhabit while disseminating these stories. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. , s. 107
Nyckelord [en]
CDA, Content Analysis, Diffraction, Ethics, Gender, Journalism, Journalistic Cultures, Men’s violence against women, Rape, Semiotics, Spain, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap Medievetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36493OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-36493DiVA, id: diva2:1253758
Ämne / kurs
Journalistik
Presentation
(Engelska)
Uppsök
samhälle/juridik
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2018-10-08 Skapad: 2018-10-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-10-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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