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The CHD remodeling factor Hrp1 stimulates CENP-A loading to centromeres
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper. Karolinska Institute.
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper. Karolinska Institute.
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för livsvetenskaper. Karolinska Institute.
Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nucleic Acids Research, ISSN 0305-1048, E-ISSN 1362-4962, Vol. 33, nr 9, s. 2868-2879Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Centromeres of fission yeast are arranged with a central core DNA sequence flanked by repeated sequences. The centromere-associated histone H3 variant Cnp1 ( SpCENP-A) binds exclusively to central core DNA, while the heterochromatin proteins and cohesins bind the surrounding outer repeats. CHD (chromo-helicase/ ATPase DNA binding) chromatin remodeling factors were recently shown to affect chromatin assembly in vitro. Here, we report that the CHD protein Hrp1 plays a key role at fission yeast centromeres. The hrp1&UDelta; mutant disrupts silencing of the outer repeats and central core regions of the centromere and displays chromosome segregation defects characteristic for dysfunction of both regions. Importantly, Hrp1 is required to maintain high levels of Cnp1 and low levels of histone H3 and H4 acetylation at the central core region. Hrp1 interacts directly with the centromere in early S-phase when centromeres are replicated, suggesting that Hrp1 plays a direct role in chromatin assembly during DNA replication.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2005. Vol. 33, nr 9, s. 2868-2879
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-14398DOI: 10.1093/nar/gki579ISI: 000229544600019PubMedID: 15908586Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-20144376151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-14398DiVA, id: diva2:468857
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-12-21 Laget: 2011-12-21 Sist oppdatert: 2017-07-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. The CHD chromatin remodeling factors in schizosaccharomyces pombe
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The CHD chromatin remodeling factors in schizosaccharomyces pombe
2007 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Regulation of chromatin structure is essential in a wide variety of processes including transcriptional regulation, recombination, replication, chromosome segregation, development and differentiation. The enzymes that are central in regulating chromatin structure can be classified into two major groups. The first group of proteins consists of the histone modifying enzymes that catalyse the addition or removal of posttranslational modifications of histones. The second group of proteins is the highly conserved ATP-dependent remodeling factors that modify the nucleosome structure. Evidence is emerging that these two groups of proteins are intimately linked in chromatin function. This thesis describes the roles of the S. pombe Hrp1 and Hrp3 CHD remodeling factors in chromatin regulation, which have been shown to be important in centromere function and transcriptional regulation. The Hrp remodeling factors are functionally linked to the histone chaperone Nap1 as well as acetylation and methylation activities. We have demonstrated that Hrp1 has both independent and overlapping roles with Hrp3 in regulating centromere assembly and function. Both hrp1 and hrp3 deficient cells are disrupted in centromere silencing and display various chromosome segregation defects indicative of functions at both the outer repeats and the central core of the centromere. These phenotypes are likely to originate from the requirement of Hrp1 in keeping the centromeres hypoacetylated and for maintaining the histone H3 variant CENP-A at the central core of the centromere. Genetic interactions combined with chromatin immunoprecipitation and fluorescent in situ hybridisation indicate that Hrp1 stimulates CENP-A assembly during DNA replication. In addition to their centromere functions, the Hrp remodeling factors contribute to transcriptional regulation by promoting histone removal. Biochemical purifications identified a physical interaction between Hrp1 and Hrp3 and with the histone chaperone Nap1. Consistent with the physical interaction data, genome wide analysis showed that the CHD remodeling factors together with Nap1 have a common function in removing histones particularly at promoter regions. Interestingly, we found that histone disassembly in coding regions by both Hrp1 and Hrp3 promote transcriptional activation. Cell synchronisation studies revealed that the Hrp1 dependent histone disassembly occurs in a DNA replication independent manner. A functional interaction between acetylation and remodeling activity was established based on the high degree of overlap between the Hrp ATPases, regions affected by Nap1 histone density, and corresponding histone deacetylase and histone acetylase targets. Finally, we discovered that regions with upregulated genes and altered levels of histone modifications in the HDAC clr6-1 mutant were significantly similar to equivalent lists for the histone demethyl transferase swm1 mutant. In addition, the same regions with upregulated genes and effects on histone modification levels in the swm1 and clr6 mutant overlapped with Hrp1 and Hrp3 binding targets. Thus, it is likely that Swm1 act in concert with Clr6 and Hrp1 to mediate transcriptional silencing. Thus, HDACs, HATs, and HMTs are intimately linked in vivo to CHD nucleosome remodeling factors as well as histone chaperones in centromere assembly and transcriptional regulation.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Karolinska instiutet, 2007. s. 73
HSV kategori
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urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31557 (URN)978-91-7357-106-7 (ISBN)
Disputas
2007-03-16, MA636, Moas Båge, Huddinge, 09:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-29 Laget: 2016-12-29 Sist oppdatert: 2016-12-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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Walfridsson, JulianBjerling, PernillaEkwall, Karl

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