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Studies in the Transformation of Post-Soviet Cities: Case Studies from Kazakhstan
Uppsala Universitet.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5224-788X
2004 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Since the demise of central planning, post-Soviet cities have found themselves operating in a radically different economic climate. Contrary to the situation during the Soviet époque, market relations and the urban economy's adjustment thereto constitute the reality which urbanites face in their daily lives. For the vast majority, this reality has been harsh. Even so, market agency in post-Soviet cities is circumscribed by a physical infrastructure composed to foster its rejection, leading to an inevitable tension between Soviet legacy and the reality of the market economy. An overarching task of this dissertation is to contribute to a greater understanding of the new urban form which is emerging out of this tension. For this purpose, eight papers, using case studies from urban Kazakhstan, are brought together in order to shed light on recent urban developments in the former Soviet Union.Two broad themes are subject to particular attention: urbanisation and regional migration processes, and urban socio-spatial differentiation. Urbanisation is studied through the comparative analysis of census data from 1989 and 1999, from which a "closed city effect" pattern emerges. Sovietand post-Soviet era urban-bounf migrant characteristics are compared using survey data (N=3,136) collected by the author, demonstrating the existence of a significant ethnic transition within the migrant flow. Socio-spatial differentiation patterns are mapped and analysed for three Kazakh military-industrial case study cities (Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Leninogorsk and Zyryanovsk), revealing significant spatial disparities which are principally explainable in light of the workings of the Soviet economy, and its built-in priority system. Market forces tend to accentuate them.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Kulturgeografiska institutionen , 2004. , s. 256
Serie
Geografiska regionstudier, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 59
Emneord [en]
Social and economic geography, Kazakhstan, former Soviet Union, urbanisation, survey method, post-Soviet cities, residential preferences, socio-spatial differentiation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9837ISBN: 91-506-1755-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-9837DiVA, id: diva2:435256
Merknad
Två delarbeten har bytt titel vid publicering.Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-08-17 Laget: 2011-07-18 Sist oppdatert: 2017-06-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. Delayed underurbanization and the closed-city effect: The case of Ust'-Kamenogorsk
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Delayed underurbanization and the closed-city effect: The case of Ust'-Kamenogorsk
2003 (engelsk)Inngår i: Eurasian geography and economics, ISSN 1538-7216, E-ISSN 1938-2863, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 144-156Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A field study conducted by the author based on a 2001 survey (N = 3,136) compares data on population change at the individual settlement level from the 1999 census of Kazakhstan with unpublished data from the 1989 census. The author documents the unique phenomenon of "delayed underurbanization" in the formerly closed East Kazakh city of Ust'-Kamenogorsk (ca. 300,000 inhabitants in 2002), arguing that the limited financial resources of rural migrants to that city (recently accessible to residents of its rural hinterland) have created spatial patterns of residence and commuting similar to those under the Soviet underurbanization model for open cities. The study, covering an area dominated by military-industrial and/or mining-metallurgical economies, is relevant to research focused on other formerly closed cities throughout the Soviet Union.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9731 (URN)10.2747/1538-7216.44.2.144 (DOI)000182352500005 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-07-01 Laget: 2011-07-01 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Residential segregation in a medium-sized post-Soviet city: UST'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Residential segregation in a medium-sized post-Soviet city: UST'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
2003 (engelsk)Inngår i: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 94, nr 5, s. 589-605Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the occurrence of ethnic and socio-economic residential segregation in Ust'-Kamenogorsk, a medium-sized city in Kazakhstan, using data collected by the author in collaboration with the Eastern Kazakhstan oblast' statistical authority in an extensive questionnaire survey carried out during January 2001. Together with the marketisation of the city's housing resources, a number of Soviet legacies, including the major industrial enterprises' housing strategies for their workers and the city's previous status as 'closed', are identified. Finally, the paper maps and analyses existing segregation patterns.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9730 (URN)10.1046/j.1467-9663.2003.00285.x (DOI)000187077200005 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-07-01 Laget: 2011-07-01 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Former closed cities and urbanisation in the FSU: an exploration in Kazakhstan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Former closed cities and urbanisation in the FSU: an exploration in Kazakhstan
2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 263-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9729 (URN)10.1080/0966813042000190533 (DOI)000220991500004 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-07-01 Laget: 2011-07-01 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Divided Post-Soviet Small Cities?: Residential Segregation and Urban Form in Leninogorsk and Zyryanovsk, Kazakhstan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Divided Post-Soviet Small Cities?: Residential Segregation and Urban Form in Leninogorsk and Zyryanovsk, Kazakhstan
2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography, ISSN 0435-3684, E-ISSN 1468-0467, Vol. 86, nr 2, s. 117-136Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9734 (URN)10.1111/j.0435-3684.2004.00157.x (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-07-01 Laget: 2011-07-01 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
5. Urban residential preferences and satisfaction in the former Soviet Union: Results from a survey in Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Urban residential preferences and satisfaction in the former Soviet Union: Results from a survey in Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 296-327Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes and analyses the geography and structure of the neighborhood residential preferences and residential satisfaction of the inhabitants of the medium-sized, post-Soviet city of Ust'-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan (population ca. 300,000). It is based on a questionnaire survey (N = 1516 + 320) conducted by the author in cooperation with the statistical authority of the Eastern Kazakhstan oblast'. At the aggregate level, the evidence that is presented suggests distinct preference patterns, and that the main focus of preference is on the city center. The geography of residential satisfaction is different. Differences in satisfaction have been found between residents of housing built by former high-priority enterprises and those occupying most of the remainder of the housing stock. These differences underscore the pervasive and continuing importance of the legacy of Soviet economic and territorial planning, and the still rather limited changes that the marketization of the economy has been able to produce.

Emneord
Residential preferences, residential satisfaction, Kazakhstan, housing, post-Soviet city
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9728 (URN)000234229900006 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-07-01 Laget: 2011-07-01 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert
6. Urban Residential Preferences, Residential Satisfaction and Housing Quality in Two Small Cities in Kazakhstan: Leninogorsk and Zyryanovsk
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Urban Residential Preferences, Residential Satisfaction and Housing Quality in Two Small Cities in Kazakhstan: Leninogorsk and Zyryanovsk
2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Featuring the Quality of Urban Life in Contemporary Cities of Eastern and Western Europe / [ed] Iwona Sagan, Mariusz Czepczyński, Gdańsk: Department of Economic Geography, University of Gdańsk , 2004, s. 199-216Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Gdańsk: Department of Economic Geography, University of Gdańsk, 2004
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9830 (URN)8389290715 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-07-18 Laget: 2011-07-18 Sist oppdatert: 2017-06-26bibliografisk kontrollert
7. Beyond the First Decade: the Urban Landscape of Priority of Ust’-Kamenogorsk
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Beyond the First Decade: the Urban Landscape of Priority of Ust’-Kamenogorsk
2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Shygystyn Aymaktyk Khabarshysy - Regional’nyi Vestnik Vostoka, nr 4, s. 30-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-10890 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-08-23 Laget: 2011-08-23 Sist oppdatert: 2017-06-26bibliografisk kontrollert
8. From Migration to Segregation in the Former Closed City
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>From Migration to Segregation in the Former Closed City
2006 (engelsk)Inngår i: Geographia Polonica, ISSN 0016-7282, Vol. 79, nr 2, s. 23-46Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-9695 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-06-30 Laget: 2011-06-30 Sist oppdatert: 2017-06-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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