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The Effect of Water, Sewage and Hand Hygiene on Waterborne Diseases in Saudi Arabia
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik.
2021 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Waterborne diseases are illnesses caused by microscopic organisms, like viruses, bacteria and  parasites, that transmitted via the fecal-oral route through ingestion of contaminated water or food or by direct person to person contact. The transmission cycle can be broken through safe water supplies, maintaining standards of sanitation and proper handwashing practices. Two waterborne diseases are considered in this study: hepatitis A and amebic dysentery. The study aimed to understand the important factors for preventing waterborne diseases in order to improve public health. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the effect of different drinking water sources, sewage systems and different active practices of soap use for hand washing on incidence of waterborne diseases in different regions in Saudi Arabia. Data was obtained from Ministry of Health and Household Environment Survey provided by General Authority for Statistics. Statistical analysis performed by using general linear model and type II Analysis of Variance. In comparison of different drinking water sources, this study showed borderline rise in incidence of waterborne diseases with the use of private well water. Whereas different sewage systems had no clear effect on the incidence of waterborne diseases. The study also revealed that not using soap for hand washing would increase the risk for hepatitis A infection. Moreover, the study showed significant decline in waterborne diseases incidence when access to filtered water combined with regular soap use in the same linear model.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2021. , s. 31
Emneord [en]
water, sewage, hand hygiene, waterborne diseases, Saudi Arabia
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-47668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-47668DiVA, id: diva2:1616138
Fag / kurs
Environmental Science
Uppsök
Medicine
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-12-02 Laget: 2021-12-02 Sist oppdatert: 2021-12-02bibliografisk kontrollert

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The Effect of Water, Sewage and Hand Hygiene on Waterborne Diseases in Saudi Arabia Hanouf Alshareef(578 kB)726 nedlastinger
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