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Large variation in predictors of mortality by levels of self-rated health: Results from an 18-year follow-up study
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1260-2223
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi. Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4453-4760
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 145, s. 59-66Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To analyze the variation in factors associated with mortality risk at different levels of self-rated health (SRH).

Study design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Cox regression analysis was used to examine the association between mortality and demographic, socioeconomic and health-related predictors for respondents with good, average, and poor SRH in a longitudinal data set from Estonia with up to 18 years of follow-up time.

Results: In respondents with good SRH, male sex, older age, lower income, manual occupation, ever smoking, and heavy alcohol consumption predicted higher mortality. These covariates, together with marital status, illness-related limitations, and underweight predicted mortality in respondents with average SRH. For poor SRH, only being never married and having illness-related limitations predicted mortality risk in addition to older age and male sex.

Conclusions: The predictors of all-cause mortality are not universal but depend on the level of SRH. The higher mortality of respondents with poor SRH could to a large extent be attributed to health problems, whereas in the case of average or good SRH, factors other than the presence of illness explained outcome mortality.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 145, s. 59-66
Emneord [en]
Self-rated health, Mortality, Health concepts, Estonia
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31804DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2016.12.034ISI: 000399629500011PubMedID: 28359392Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85009957605OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-31804DiVA, id: diva2:1067143
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European StudiesTilgjengelig fra: 2017-01-20 Laget: 2017-01-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-06-19bibliografisk kontrollert

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