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Skiftande berättarperspektiv och självkritisk reporter komplicerar bilden: Budskap och berättarteknik i tre svenska reportageböcker om gängkriminalitet
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, Journalism.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8376-7877
2023 (Swedish)In: Journalistica, ISSN 1901-6220, E-ISSN 1904-7967, Vol. 17, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hur ser berättelsen om svensk gängkriminalitet ut i tre aktuella reportageböcker och med vilken berättarteknik är den konstruerad? Med en blandning av narratologisk och medieretorisk analysmetod undersöker den här artikeln hur innehåll och form samspelar i Mammorna av Alexandra Pascalidou, Familjen av Johanna Bäck- ström Lerneby och Tills alla dör av Diamant Salihu. En slutsats är att skiftande berättarperspektiv kan motverka ensidighet, samtidigt som narrativ medkänsla utan parallell narrativ inlevelse kan hindra läsarens möjlighet att föreställa sig de skildrade människornas situation. Dramatiserade händelseförlopp kan öka närvarokänslan, medan en reporter som ifrågasätter sin egen auktoritet uppmuntrar läsaren till att undvika förenklande slutsatser. Till sist bidrar person- beskrivningar och urval av fakta i de tre böckerna till skilda budskap. Studien visar att reportagegenren tack vare sin narrativa form har potential att skildra samhällsproblem på komplexa sätt. Detta gäller särskilt när gestaltningen kombineras med gedigen faktaresearch. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Danish Library , 2023. Vol. 17, no 1
Keywords [en]
Reportage/narrative journalism, criminal gangs, narratology, mediea rhetoric, narrative compassion, narrative empathy
Keywords [sv]
reportage, gängkriminalitet, narratologi, medieretorik, narrativ inlevelse, narrativ medkänsla
National Category
General Literature Studies Media Studies
Research subject
Other research area
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52583DOI: 10.7146/journalistica.v17i1.136679OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-52583DiVA, id: diva2:1807954
Funder
Ridderstads Stiftelse för historisk grafisk forskning
Note

What messages do three recently published reportage books convey about Swedish gang criminality and what kinds of narrative techniques are used in the stories? With a mix of narratological and media rhetorical analysis methods, this article investigates how content and narrative form interact in Mammorna by Alexandra Pascalidou, Familjen by Johanna Bäckström Lerneby and Tills alla dör by Diamant Salihu. One conclusion is that varying narrative perspectives can counteract one-sidedness, while narrative compassion without parallel narrative empathy can block the reader’s ability to imagine the situation of the depicted people. Dramatized events heighten the reader’s sense of being present in the story, while a reporter questioning his own authority encourages the reader to avoid simplistic conclusions. Finally, descriptions of persons and selections of facts in the three books contribute to different messages. The study illustrates that the genre of reportage/narrative journalism, thanks to its narrative form, has the potential to depict social problems in complex ways. This is especially true when the depiction is combined with solid factual research.

Available from: 2023-10-29 Created: 2023-10-29 Last updated: 2023-10-30Bibliographically approved

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Aare, Cecilia

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • sodertorns-hogskola-harvard.csl
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