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Association of bullying victimization with overweight and obesity among adolescents from 41 low- and middle-income countries
Universitat de Barcelona, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Spain / ICREA, Barcelona, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9565-5004
National Research Council, Padova, Italy / National Institute of Gastroenterology “S. De Bellis” Research Hospital, Castellana Grotte, Italy.
KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
Södertörn University, School of Social Sciences, SCOHOST (Stockholm Centre for Health and Social Change). National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Japan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1260-2223
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2019 (English)In: Pediatric Obesity, ISSN 2047-6302, E-ISSN 2047-6310, article id e12571Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Data on the association between overweight/obesity and bullying victimization among adolescents are scarce from low- and middle-income countries.

OBJECTIVES: We assessed the associations between overweight/obesity and bullying victimization in 41 low- and middle-income countries.

METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey were analysed. Data on past 30-day bullying victimization (including type) and body mass index based on measured weight and height were collected. The 2007 WHO Child Growth reference was used to define overweight and obesity. Multivariable logistic regression (multinomial and binary) and meta-analyses based on country-wise estimates were conducted. Data on 114 240 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years were analysed (mean age [SD], 13.8 [1.0] y; 48.8% girls).

RESULTS: Among girls, compared with normal weight, overweight (OR = 1.08; 95% CI, 1.02-1.16; between-country heterogeneity I2  = 0.0%) and obesity (OR = 1.20; 95% CI, 1.07-1.34; I2  = 0.0%) were associated with significantly higher odds for any bullying victimization, but no significant association was observed among boys. However, overweight and obesity were both associated with significantly increased odds for bullying by being made fun of because of physical appearance among both sexes-obesity (vs normal weight): girls OR = 3.42 (95% CI, 2.49-4.71); boys OR = 2.38 (95% CI, 1.67-3.37).

CONCLUSIONS: Effective strategies to reduce bullying of children with overweight/obesity are needed in low- and middle-income countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019. article id e12571
Keywords [en]
adolescents, bullying victimization, epidemiology, obesity, overweight
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-38707DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.12571ISI: 000490336800001PubMedID: 31389204Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070515654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-38707DiVA, id: diva2:1341414
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved

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Stickley, Andrew

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