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Toxic Textiles: Towards Responsibility in Complex Supply Chains
Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, miljö och teknik, Miljövetenskap. natasja.borjeson@sh.se.
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The governance of the environmental and health problems that follow in the wake of globalised trade is one of the great contemporary challenges. One of these challenges is the management of chemical pollution and associated risks, and one sector facing this challenge is the textile industry, which has complex supply chains spread across continents. At the same time the role of actors on the playing field are changing and market actors are being called on to responsibly manage the issue of chemical risks and associated challenges. However, governance and control are often obstructed due to complexity and considerable knowledge uncertainty. This situation complicates responsibility-taking and makes it difficult to ascribe liabilities to specific actors, as it is not obvious who is responsible for what. This thesis is concerned with the process of how a group of market actors – private and public textile buyers – assume responsibility of chemical risks in their supply chains in a situation that is characterized by uncertainty and complexity. This thesis aims to contribute to an understanding of what happens when market actors are called on to manage the negative side effects of globalisation. The focus is on Swedish textile-buying private and public organisations. The thesis constructs an analytical model based on the key concepts responsible governance, responsibilisation, and responsible supply chain management (RSCM). The thesis explores the barriers, challenges and opportunities that exist for buyers seeking to assume RSCM and whether a process of responsibilisation can be observed in the textile sector. The thesis uses an exploratory approach and interviews, participatory observations and literature studies, as well as case studies to understand the process and to investigate barriers, challenges, opportunities. In summary, the thesis shows that a process of responsibilisation is ongoing on the organisational and sector levels. Further, it is shown that due to the complex structures of the chains, there are more barriers and challenges than opportunities for buyers striving for RSCM. However, it is argued that cooperation, stronger public and private policy, and a reflexive approach could be ways forward towards RSCM and increased responsibilisation in the textile sector.

Abstract [sv]

En av våra samtida stora utmaningar är hanteringen av de miljö- och hälsoproblem som följer i svallvågorna av en globaliserad handel. En av dessa utmaningar rör hanteringen av kemikalierisker. Inom textilbranschen är produktionen kemikalieintensiv och handelsmönstren karakteriseras av komplexa varukedjor som inte sällan sträcker sig över flera kontinenter. Samtidigt pågår en förändring av inblandade aktörers roller, där marknadsaktörer uppmanas att på ett ansvarstagande sätt hantera frågan om kemikalierisker och de utmaningar som hör därtill. Denna process försvåras ofta till följd av ett komplext samhälle präglat av kunskapsbrister. Detta komplicerar ansvarstagande och gör det svårt att hålla specifika aktörer, såsom företag och inköpande organisationer, ansvariga, då det inte är uppenbart vem som är ansvarig för vad. Denna avhandling undersöker hur en grupp marknadsaktörer – privata och offentliga textilinköpare – tar ansvar för kemikalierisker längs med sina varukedjor i en situation som karaktäriseras av osäkerhet och komplexitet. Avhandlingen syftar till att fördjupa förståelsen för vad som händer när marknadsaktörer uppmanas att hantera miljö- och hälsorisker från till exempel kemikalier i textil. Fokus ligger på svenska privata och offentliga textilinköpare, som exempelvis kläd- och textilföretag, offentlig förvaltning och andra inköpande organisationer. I avhandlingen konstrueras en analytisk modell baserad på nyckelbegreppen responsible governance, responsibilisation och responsible supply chain management. Avhandlingen är explorativ och genom intervjuer, deltagande observationer och litteraturstudier samt fallstudier undersöks en potentiell process av ansvarstagande samt de hinder, utmaningar och möjligheter som de inköpande organisationerna möter i sitt arbete med kemikalierisker längs med sina varukedjor. Resultaten belyser en pågående process av ansvarsförfarande på både organisations och sektornsivå. Avhandlingen visar också att på grund av kedjans komplexa struktur så förekommer större hinder och utmaningar än möjligheter för de textilinköpare som strävar efter ansvarstagande. Trots detta pekar resultaten på att samarbete, kraftfullare styrmedel och ett reflexivt tillvägagångssätt skulle kunna vara en väg mot ökat ansvarstagande inom textilsektorn.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017. , 164 s.
Serie
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 145
Emneord [en]
Responsibility, Sustainability, Supply Chain Management, Governance, Responsibilisation, CSR, Complexity, Uncertainty, Chemicals, Textiles
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33670Lokal ID: 1744/42/2008ISBN: 978-91-88663-17-7 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-91-88663-18-4 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sh-33670DiVA: diva2:1155110
Disputas
2017-12-08, MB 416, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Huddinge, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Prosjekter
Chemicals in textiles: Managing environmental and health risks from products with complex product chains
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-17 Laget: 2017-11-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-22bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. Responsible procurement and complex product chains: the case of chemical risks in textiles
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Responsible procurement and complex product chains: the case of chemical risks in textiles
Vise andre…
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 55, nr 1, 95-111 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Emneord
responsible procurement; product chains; complexity; textiles;
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-15109 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2011.581885 (DOI)000302021600006 ()2-s2.0-84855456426 (Scopus ID)
Prosjekter
Kemtex
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-01-29 Laget: 2012-01-29 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Knowledge challenges for responsible supply chain management of chemicals in textiles - as experienced by procuring organisations
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Knowledge challenges for responsible supply chain management of chemicals in textiles - as experienced by procuring organisations
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 107, 130-136 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A great number of chemicals - many of which are hazardous to human health and the environment - are used along the complex supply chains of textiles. These complexities and hazards make knowledge for understanding chemical properties and management practices at multiple nodes central to the responsible management of textile supply chains. This study investigates the knowledge requirements of, and the knowledge strategies used by, textile procuring organisations in response to both external stakeholders and internal pressure. Based on a qualitative study of small and medium-sized Swedish textile procuring organisations, the paper describes these knowledge challenges and analyses how efforts to meet them relate to expressed commitments and capabilities for responsible supply chain management (RSCM), as well as to organisational characteristics (i.e. whether the organisation is private or public, small or large, and whether textiles is a core or peripheral activity). It was found that several textile procuring organisations expressed commitment towards achieving RSCM. However, most organisations felt that they lacked capacity to rise to the challenge. There was a poor state of knowledge regarding many chemical substances and inherent difficulties in gaining knowledge of chemical risks and how to manage these. Moreover, the input of knowledge was limited and based on only a few key sources. Such factors proved to be obstacles for procuring organisations when attempting to facilitate responsible management upstream in complex supply chains.

Emneord
Chemical risks, Corporate social responsibility, Knowledge, Responsible procurement
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-23357 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.03.012 (DOI)000363071000014 ()2-s2.0-84942986267 (Scopus ID)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-04-23 Laget: 2014-04-23 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-05bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Towards reflexive responsibility in a textile supply chain
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Towards reflexive responsibility in a textile supply chain
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Accepted
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33683 (URN)
Prosjekter
Chemicals in textiles: Managing environmental and health risks from products with complex product chains
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Merknad

As manuscript in dissertation

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-07 Laget: 2017-11-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-07bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Green Chemistry, the REACH Regulation and Textile Companies
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Green Chemistry, the REACH Regulation and Textile Companies
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Miljövetenskapliga studier; Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33684 (URN)1744/42/2008 (Lokal ID)1744/42/2008 (Arkivnummer)1744/42/2008 (OAI)
Prosjekter
Chemicals in textiles: Managing environmental and health risks from products with complex product chains
Forskningsfinansiär
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies
Merknad

As manuscript in dissertation

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-07 Laget: 2017-11-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-07bibliografisk kontrollert

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2627282930313229 of 33
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