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Title [en]
The (dis)connected refugee: The role of communication technologies in trust-building in Sweden and Germany
Abstract [en]
he general public is currently witnessing large numbers of people fleeing from war and misery in their home countries. For many refugees from the Middle East, the most valued item out of their few belongings is a smartphone. In these extreme situations having access to a smartphone and with it to the Internet could mean the difference between life and death. Even when refugees have arrived at their destinations, smartphones enable refugees to access wide areas of information. This can support refugees finding some kind of security and predictability in the new unfamiliar environment, but can also create new forms of insecurity, including the risk of being misled. Trust and confidence in information sources become decisive strategies in order to manage situations of unfamiliarity and risk. This touches upon a special concern in our project, that is, to analyze the role of modern communication technologies such as smartphones and other mobile and personal media for refugees in migration flows. Our point of departure is that offline and online communications constitute specific situations and require different resources in order to establish stable social relationships that are based on trust. How do communication technologies such as smartphones and other mobile and personal media condition trust building in refugee migration, and vice versa? By linking media and migration research to the theoretical concept of trust and distrust as developed by Niklas Luhmann, we will employ individual interviews with Arabic speaking refugees (at least 20 interviews in each country, Sweden and Germany), meaning a life story based investigation that encourages reports of personal experiences. We will analyze entries made on social media, including images posted on Instagram or other photo sites in order to look at how life stories are narrated in social media. We will conduct a survey among our interviewees in order to obtain background information about media use. A PhD project is aimed at adding a historical perspective by exploring former refugees’ media use.
Publications (1 of 1) Show all publications
Graf, H. (2019). Journalistiken, den etniska mångfalden och migrationen (2ed.). In: Michael Karlsson och Jesper Strömbäck (Ed.), Handbok i journalistikforskning: (pp. 311-323). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Journalistiken, den etniska mångfalden och migrationen
2019 (Swedish)In: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson och Jesper Strömbäck, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 311-323Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Det här kapitlet behandlar journalistik och etnisk mångfald ur ett medietext- och produktionsperspektiv. Kapitlet inkluderar inte etniska minoriteters reception av olika sorters medietexter.

Begreppet ”etnicitet” syftar på olika härkomst än den egna gruppen, som i detta kapitel är den nationella majoritetsgruppen. Som samlingsbegrepp används numera begreppet ”personer med utländsk bakgrund”, vilket avser personer som är utrikesfödda eller födda i Sverige med minst en utrikes född förälder (DS 2000:43). Framför allt i samband med forskningens historik inkluderas i kapitlet också nationella minoriteter, vilka fick officiellt erkännande i Sverige först 1999.

Fokus ligger på etnisk mångfald samt på nyhetsjournalistik i tv, radio och press. Därmed avgränsar sig kapitlet från frågor kring exempelvis kulturell mångfald, kön, funktionsnedsättning, sexuell läggning och ålder.

Efter en överblick över de mest relevanta teorierna och internationell forskning om journalistik och etnisk mångfald ges en mer detaljerad och kronologisk överblick över svensk forskning om ämnet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019 Edition: 2
etnisk mångfald, medier
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39866 (URN)9789144124636 (ISBN)
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 31/2016
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorGraf, Heike
Co-InvestigatorFrisch, Christine
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
2017-01-01 - 2019-12-31
National Category
Media StudiesCommunication Studies
DiVA, id: project:1928Project, id: 31/2016_OSS

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