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Title [en]
Via Satellite - Transnational Infrastructures in European Television History
Abstract [en]
With only four days notice, the Soviet Union and its allies in the Eastern Bloc withdrew from the 1967 television broadcast, Our World, intended to be the first live satellite broadcast to cover the entire Northern Hemisphere. The Soviet withdrawal from the Our World broadcast fits well into historical accounts of broadcasting that have traditionally depicted Eastern and Western Europe as strictly isolated from one another, existing in separate universes. While the withdrawal from Our World ultimately cemented the picture of two isolated television systems, the proposed project will take the prior cooperation and two-year planning period of Our World as its vantage point, examining the early development of the Eastern Intersputnik satellite system and the Western Intelsat satellite system, and the plans to join them during the 1967 broadcast. The aim of the proposed project is to analyse and compare transnational television infrastructures in Cold War Europe. The aim is divided into two research questions that are directed to the subprojects presented below; 1) How can the emergence of two divided but interacting satellite infrastructures be understood in relation to the evolution of transnational broadcasting? and 2) How can the failed cooperation, and the subsequent satellite broadcasts, be understood in relation to the evolution of transnational broadcasting? Theoretically the project unites two distinct but interrelated fields; first, theoretical perspectives on satellites and television infrastructures addressing the complexity of satellite systems, combining cultural, technological and industrial perspectives in their analysis; second, transnational television history that has emphasized the transnational dynamics of television and advanced an understanding of television relations, exchanges and broadcast flows that have gone beyond or even subverted the borders of national broadcasting. The project is divided by two case studies, dealing with the history of transnational television infrastructures on macro and micro levels respectively, both relying upon a comparative perspective. The first subproject will address the questions from the point of view of the two satellite systems, Intersputnik and Intelsat. The second subproject will instead focus on a comparison between two satellite broadcasts in 1967, the Western Our World and the Eastern Our Motherland.
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Evans, C. & Lundgren, L. (2022). Dividing the Cosmos? INTELSAT, Intersputnik, and the Development of Transnational Satellite Communications Infrastructures during the Cold War. In: Alice Lovejoy; Mari Pajala (Ed.), Remapping Cold War Media: Institutions, Infrastructures, Translations. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dividing the Cosmos? INTELSAT, Intersputnik, and the Development of Transnational Satellite Communications Infrastructures during the Cold War
2022 (English)In: Remapping Cold War Media: Institutions, Infrastructures, Translations / [ed] Alice Lovejoy; Mari Pajala, Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2022Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2022
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50179 (URN)9780253062192 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 63/2014
Available from: 2022-11-01 Created: 2022-11-01 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. & Davis, B. A. (2020). Global Broadcasting: From Sputnik to the Internet (3ed.). In: Yahya R. Kamalipour (Ed.), Global Communication: A Multicultural Perspective. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Global Broadcasting: From Sputnik to the Internet
2020 (English)In: Global Communication: A Multicultural Perspective / [ed] Yahya R. Kamalipour, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2020, 3Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2020 Edition: 3
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-48513 (URN)9781538121641 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 63/2014
Available from: 2022-03-03 Created: 2022-03-03 Last updated: 2022-03-03Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. & Evans, C. E. (2017). Producing global media memories: Media events and the power dynamics of transnational television history. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 20(3), 252-270
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Producing global media memories: Media events and the power dynamics of transnational television history
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 252-270Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 1960s witnessed the emergence of television as a global medium. One way of demonstrating the powers and possibilities of television was the production and airing of transnational broadcast events. In order to produce these, national broadcast organizations had to engage in joint production of such events. The article examines two such events: Gagarin's return to Moscow after orbiting the earth in April 1961 and the more well-known Our World' broadcast 6 years later. At the time of their production, these broadcasts were seen as crucial moments in television history, as prototypes of what could be expected of television in the future. They also relied on extensive cooperation between broadcast organizations in socialist and Western countries, organizations that to a large extent shared the same production values but also had to negotiate competing visions of the geography of modern communications networks. The broadcasts discussed in this article thus provide the opportunity to reflect upon the shaping of television history and global media memories. Based on case studies of the planning and production of the broadcasts, the article argues that global power relations have shaped the remembered history of television and therefore must be part of our understanding of it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Cold War, global television, media memories, satellites, transnational broadcasting
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32726 (URN)10.1177/1367549416682240 (DOI)000401766500002 ()2-s2.0-85019915994 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 63/2014Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2022-07-13Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. (2017). (Un)Familiar Spaces of Television Production: The BBC's visit to the Soviet Union in 1956. Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, 37(2), 315-332
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(Un)Familiar Spaces of Television Production: The BBC's visit to the Soviet Union in 1956
2017 (English)In: Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, ISSN 0143-9685, E-ISSN 1465-3451, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 315-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The sharing of expertise and know-how was an important practice in the early days of television production; delegations from national broadcasters visited each other to negotiate agreements concerning co-production and programme exchange. On one such occasion, in spring 1956, the BBC visited Soviet Central Television and their production facilities in Moscow, Leningrad and Kiev. Using that visit as vantage point, this article examines production values and professional ideologies in relation to the material spaces of television production. The article argues that the British delegation’s encounter with (un)familiar spaces of television production forced them to articulate their own production values in relation to material spaces. The final discussion suggests that the tensions provoked by the discrepancy between production values at Soviet Central Television and at the BBC may inform the main currents of television studies and television history. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
transnational television, Cold War, television production, space, television history
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28710 (URN)10.1080/01439685.2015.1105515 (DOI)000401983000008 ()2-s2.0-84946615778 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1
Available from: 2015-11-09 Created: 2015-11-09 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved
Evans, C. & Lundgren, L. (2016). Geographies of Liveness: Time, Space, and Satellite Networks as Infrastructures of Live Television in the Our World Broadcast. International Journal of Communication, 10, 5362-5380
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Geographies of Liveness: Time, Space, and Satellite Networks as Infrastructures of Live Television in the Our World Broadcast
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Communication, E-ISSN 1932-8036, Vol. 10, p. 5362-5380Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article historicizes the emergence of television satellite infrastructure by exploring a key moment: a 1967 transnational satellite broadcast called Our World, that was to reach viewers across the northern hemisphere, including the USSR. Drawing on archival sources that reveal extensive negotiations among the producing sides, we find that Our World's claimed creation of "global presence" was indeed, as Lisa Parks has argued, a fantasy of modernization tied to temporal and spatial hierarchies of modernization, but one neither exclusive to the West nor uncontested by the show's socialist participants. We argue that the program's temporal claim to conquer space via liveness required the constant assertion of spatial hierarchies and conflicting temporalities, based on unequal and unpredictable material infrastructures, personal relationships, and rival symbolic claims. We describe these temporalized and spatialized conflicts as "geographies of liveness."

Keywords
time, space, liveness, satellites, television, Our World
National Category
Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-31868 (URN)000391121700001 ()2-s2.0-85019834852 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 63/2014
Available from: 2017-01-26 Created: 2017-01-26 Last updated: 2022-05-10Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. (2015). Transnational Television in Europe: Cold War Competition and Cooperation. In: Simo Mikkonen and Pia Koivunen (Ed.), Beyond the Divide: Entagled Histories of Cold War Europe (pp. 237-256). New York and London: Berghahn Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transnational Television in Europe: Cold War Competition and Cooperation
2015 (English)In: Beyond the Divide: Entagled Histories of Cold War Europe / [ed] Simo Mikkonen and Pia Koivunen, New York and London: Berghahn Books, 2015, p. 237-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York and London: Berghahn Books, 2015
Keywords
transnational television history, Cold War, OIRT, EBU
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28711 (URN)2-s2.0-84981359562 (Scopus ID)978-1-78238-866-1 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 63/2014
Available from: 2015-11-09 Created: 2015-11-09 Last updated: 2022-03-03Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorLundgren, Lars
Co-InvestigatorEvans, Christine
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2015-01-01 - 2017-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1919Project, id: 63/2014_OSS

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