sh.sePublications
Change search
ExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA

Project

Project type/Form of grant
Project grant
Title [sv]
Genom järnridån: Tidig transnationell broadcasting och televisionens diskurser
Title [en]
Through the Iron Curtain:Early Transnational Broadcasting and Television Discourses
Abstract [sv]
In spring 1961 the Soviet Union broadcast live images through the Iron Curtain for the first time in history. The broadcasts suggested a possible future of television as an integral part of a symbolic struggle where images could travel without regard to national borders and political landscapes. In hindsight these broadcasts have earned a minor role in the history of transnational television, clearly overshadowed by the introduction of US satellite television a few years later. With this in mind the aim of the project is to understand how early Soviet transnational broadcasts at he height of the Cold War form the idea of television and thereby broaden the perspectives on transnational broadcasting by studying its early history in Europe.The analysis is organized around three types of material; 1) archive material from international broadcast organizations and four national broadcasters 2) the broadcasts in four national contexts; 3) contextual media material in four national contexts. The project address three urgent issues in broadcast history. First, it emphasizes the dialectics between the national and transnational contexts of broadcasting. Second, it historicises perspectives on international broadcasting and place it in a transnational context. Third, it acknowledges not only western initiatives in transnational broadcasting but the relation between Western and Eastern Europe.Sv:Våren 1961 lyckades Sovjetunionen för första gången direktsända televisionsbilder genom järnridån. Sändningarna indikerade att televisionen skulle komma att utgöra en viktig del av en symbolisk kamp där bilder förmedlades utan hänsyn till nationella territorier eller politiska landskap. Vi kan idag konstatera att dessa sändningar har fört en undanskymd roll i televisionens historieskrivning och att de kommit att överskuggas av de satellitsändningar som introducerades ett drygt år senare i amerikansk regi. Projektets syfte är, utifrån ovanstående, att studera hur de transnationella Sovjetiska sändningarna bidrog till att forma idéer och föreställningar om televisionen som transnationellt medium. Projektet baseras på tre empiriska undersökningar och analyser av: 1) arkivmaterial från internationella etermedieorganisationer (IBU, EBU, OIRT) samt fyra nationella tv-organisationer, 2) de faktiska tv-sändningarna i samma fyra nationella kontexter, samt 3) övriga mediers beskrivning och uppmärksammande av sändningarna i samma fyra nationella kontexter. Projektet bidrar till etermediernas och televisionens historieskrivning på tre sätt. För det första genom att understryka samspelet mellan televisionens nationella och transnationella utveckling ur ett historiskt perspektiv; för det andra genom att historisera televisionens transnationella utveckling; och för det tredje genom att vidga perspektiven på den transnationella televisionens historia så att även utvecklingen utanför den västerländska televisionen uppmärksammas, detta med ett särskilt fokus på relationen mellan Öst- och Västeuropa.
Abstract [en]
In spring 1961 the Soviet Union broadcast live images through the Iron Curtain for the first time in history. The broadcasts suggested a possible future of television as an integral part of a symbolic struggle where images could travel without regard to national borders and political landscapes. In hindsight these broadcasts have earned a minor role in the history of transnational television, clearly overshadowed by the introduction of US satellite television a few years later. With this in mind the aim of the project is to understand how early Soviet transnational broadcasts at he height of the Cold War form the idea of television and thereby broaden the perspectives on transnational broadcasting by studying its early history in Europe.The analysis is organized around three types of material; 1) archive material from international broadcast organizations and four national broadcasters 2) the broadcasts in four national contexts; 3) contextual media material in four national contexts. The project address three urgent issues in broadcast history. First, it emphasizes the dialectics between the national and transnational contexts of broadcasting. Second, it historicises perspectives on international broadcasting and place it in a transnational context. Third, it acknowledges not only western initiatives in transnational broadcasting but the relation between Western and Eastern Europe.
Publications (6 of 6) Show all publications
Lundgren, L. & Evans, C. E. (2017). Producing global media memories: Media events and the power dynamics of transnational television history. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 20(3), 252-270
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Producing global media memories: Media events and the power dynamics of transnational television history
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 252-270Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 1960s witnessed the emergence of television as a global medium. One way of demonstrating the powers and possibilities of television was the production and airing of transnational broadcast events. In order to produce these, national broadcast organizations had to engage in joint production of such events. The article examines two such events: Gagarin's return to Moscow after orbiting the earth in April 1961 and the more well-known Our World' broadcast 6 years later. At the time of their production, these broadcasts were seen as crucial moments in television history, as prototypes of what could be expected of television in the future. They also relied on extensive cooperation between broadcast organizations in socialist and Western countries, organizations that to a large extent shared the same production values but also had to negotiate competing visions of the geography of modern communications networks. The broadcasts discussed in this article thus provide the opportunity to reflect upon the shaping of television history and global media memories. Based on case studies of the planning and production of the broadcasts, the article argues that global power relations have shaped the remembered history of television and therefore must be part of our understanding of it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
Cold War, global television, media memories, satellites, transnational broadcasting
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-32726 (URN)10.1177/1367549416682240 (DOI)000401766500002 ()2-s2.0-85019915994 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 63/2014Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1
Available from: 2017-06-08 Created: 2017-06-08 Last updated: 2022-07-13Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. (2017). (Un)Familiar Spaces of Television Production: The BBC's visit to the Soviet Union in 1956. Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, 37(2), 315-332
Open this publication in new window or tab >>(Un)Familiar Spaces of Television Production: The BBC's visit to the Soviet Union in 1956
2017 (English)In: Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, ISSN 0143-9685, E-ISSN 1465-3451, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 315-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The sharing of expertise and know-how was an important practice in the early days of television production; delegations from national broadcasters visited each other to negotiate agreements concerning co-production and programme exchange. On one such occasion, in spring 1956, the BBC visited Soviet Central Television and their production facilities in Moscow, Leningrad and Kiev. Using that visit as vantage point, this article examines production values and professional ideologies in relation to the material spaces of television production. The article argues that the British delegation’s encounter with (un)familiar spaces of television production forced them to articulate their own production values in relation to material spaces. The final discussion suggests that the tensions provoked by the discrepancy between production values at Soviet Central Television and at the BBC may inform the main currents of television studies and television history. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017
Keywords
transnational television, Cold War, television production, space, television history
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28710 (URN)10.1080/01439685.2015.1105515 (DOI)000401983000008 ()2-s2.0-84946615778 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1
Available from: 2015-11-09 Created: 2015-11-09 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. (2015). The Forerunners of a New Era: Television history and ruins of the future. Media History, 21(2), 178-191
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Forerunners of a New Era: Television history and ruins of the future
2015 (English)In: Media History, ISSN 1368-8804, E-ISSN 1469-9729, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 178-191Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores the relationship between historicality and historiography, with particular focus on the tension between claims of the historicality of broadcast events and later absences in broadcast historiography. It analyses two types of claims of historicality: first as a provider of images of history in the making; and second, as a kind of prototype, a forerunner of a new era in which television has a central position in a global society. Looking at the production and organization of the broadcast of Yuri Gagarin's return to Moscow in April 1961, the article argues that historiography is often too bound up in the present and remains blind to perspectives falling outside the dominant narratives of the current. The claims of being forerunners, on behalf of the agents involved in producing the broadcast, fit poorly with later historical events and are perhaps nothing more than the ruins of an anticipated future. But as such it may teach us just as much about the forgotten aspects of television history as it does about our practices of writing it.

Keywords
television history; historicality; historiography; transnational broad- casting; Cold War
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-26788 (URN)10.1080/13688804.2014.991385 (DOI)000212276600005 ()2-s2.0-84927037702 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1
Available from: 2015-04-02 Created: 2015-04-02 Last updated: 2022-07-13Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. (2015). Transnational Television in Europe: Cold War Competition and Cooperation. In: Simo Mikkonen and Pia Koivunen (Ed.), Beyond the Divide: Entagled Histories of Cold War Europe (pp. 237-256). New York and London: Berghahn Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transnational Television in Europe: Cold War Competition and Cooperation
2015 (English)In: Beyond the Divide: Entagled Histories of Cold War Europe / [ed] Simo Mikkonen and Pia Koivunen, New York and London: Berghahn Books, 2015, p. 237-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York and London: Berghahn Books, 2015
Keywords
transnational television history, Cold War, OIRT, EBU
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-28711 (URN)2-s2.0-84981359562 (Scopus ID)978-1-78238-866-1 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 63/2014
Available from: 2015-11-09 Created: 2015-11-09 Last updated: 2022-03-03Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. & Mustata, D. (2013). Hur många gånger föddes Ceausescu?. Glänta (4), 96-103
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hur många gånger föddes Ceausescu?
2013 (Swedish)In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, no 4, p. 96-103Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Keywords
television, Rumänien
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-22531 (URN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2022-07-13Bibliographically approved
Lundgren, L. (2012). Live from Moscow: The celebration of Yuri Gagarin and Transnational Television in Europe. VIEW. Journal of European Television History and Culture, 1(2), 45-55
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Live from Moscow: The celebration of Yuri Gagarin and Transnational Television in Europe
2012 (English)In: VIEW. Journal of European Television History and Culture, ISSN 2213-0969, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 45-55Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

On April 14th, 1961, television viewers across Europe watched live images of Yuri Gagarin being celebrated on the Red Square in Moscow. The broadcast was made possible by the linking of the Intervision and Eurovision television networks, which was the result of cooperation between broadcasters on both sides of the Iron Curtain. By looking into how the co-operation between the OIRT and EBU was gradually developed between 1957 and 1961 this article engages with the interplay between cultural, legal and technological aspects of broadcasting and how the transnational broadcast of Gagarin’s return to Moscow was made possible. The article furthermore argues the need to understand early television in Europe as a dialectic between the national and the transnational and shows how the live transmission network binding the East and West together was the result of an interplay between structures provided by transnational organisations such as the OIRT and EBU, and initiatives by national broadcasting organisations.

Keywords
programme exchange, EBU, OIRT, transnational broadcasting, television history
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Critical and Cultural Theory
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-17416 (URN)1444/42/2011 (Local ID)1444/42/2011 (Archive number)1444/42/2011 (OAI)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P11-0407:1
Available from: 2012-11-30 Created: 2012-11-30 Last updated: 2022-07-13Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorLundgren, Lars
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2012-01-01 - 2014-12-31
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1864Project, id: P11-0407:1_RJ

Search in DiVA

History of Ideas

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar