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Project type/Form of grant
Project grant
Title [en]
Cultural and religious diversity in primary school (CARDIPS)
Abstract [en]
Cultural and religious diversity are becoming characteristics of the countries around the Baltic Sea, as well of most of the rest of the world. Diversity is also developing in the environment where the citizens of tomorrow are receiving their public socialization, i. e. in day care and schools. For many pupils this diversity is a surprise, whereas others take it for granted. The attitudes towards diversity change during the children’s years in compulsory school. The project CARDIPS aims at describing the development in values in pupils in 3rd, 6th and 9th grade in Estonia, Finland and Sweden. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods will be used. The research objective is (1) to describe the bearing of a number of structural factors on the experience of cultural and religious diversity, (2) to assess the importance of age and family tradition, (3) to make national comparisons across the Baltic Sea, and (4) develop tools for intercultural teacher education. A research team is organized with two Finnish scholars (funded in Helsinki), one Estonian and two Swedish scholars, along with one doctoral student. The latter four will be funded through the present application. The theoretical perspective governing the investigation is that attitudes towards cultural and religious diversity develop as a result of two factors, one being socialization from parents and teachers, the other being the pupils’ own agency. Both these factors are heavily influenced by national tradition and culture. The project will seek to illuminate the processes behind individual development in pupils in the 3rd, 6th and 9th grade. Preliminary investigations have been carried out in all three countries: full scale data collection in Finland and instrument testing in Estonia and Sweden.
Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Straarup, J. (2021). Migranters religiösa mötesplatser: en teoriprövning. In: Ali Hajighasemi; Jørgen Straarup (Ed.), Socialt arbete i ett mångkulturellt Sverige: migrationens bidrag till folkhemmet (pp. 208-224). Stockholm: Liber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migranters religiösa mötesplatser: en teoriprövning
2021 (Swedish)In: Socialt arbete i ett mångkulturellt Sverige: migrationens bidrag till folkhemmet / [ed] Ali Hajighasemi; Jørgen Straarup, Stockholm: Liber, 2021, p. 208-224Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Liber, 2021
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-45990 (URN)9789147140589 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2021-06-28 Created: 2021-06-28 Last updated: 2022-03-04Bibliographically approved
Jahnke, F. (2021). Toleransens altare och undvikandets hänsynsfullhet: Religion och meningsskapande bland svenska grundskoleelever. (Doctoral dissertation). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Toleransens altare och undvikandets hänsynsfullhet: Religion och meningsskapande bland svenska grundskoleelever
2021 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In contemporary western society, the changing religious diversity brought to the fore a more visible religion. The Swedish school and the Swedish classrooms are no exception. From a perspective of sensemaking and a wide understanding of religion and religious positions this thesis analyses the discourse on religion among pupils (age 9 to 16) in the Swedish elementary school and under what circumstances they do, or do not, talk about religion with each another. 

This qualitative study includes themes from and contributes to the study of religion, research on children and young people, and particularly to religious education (RE) in Sweden and elsewhere. The results show that the pupils during the interviews showed different and parallel ways of understanding, relate to and way of talking about religion. However, to some degree they seemed to be unwilling to talk about religion with each other, even though they expressed some interest thereof. Two reasons for this were their limited common discourses on religion, and their concern and anxiety to create conflict and to “step on somebody’s toes”. The latter was also combined with their tendency to show tolerance, respect and deference towards each other. Thirdly, due to their partial lack of discourses on religion the pupils had difficulties to position themselves in relation to religion and to understand others. For instance, this came to the fore and was exemplified by the non-Christian Swedish pupils. They seemed to lack categories to speak of themselves in relation to religion and, for instance, answer questions like: “What do you believe in?”.

Even though the pupils did not talk much about religion with each other, the result shows that they had several ways of talking about and understanding religion and religious phenomena – for instance based on popular culture. Not all these understandings and discourses on religion where paid attention to in school or in class. Instead, the pupils had to adapt to discourses prevalent in school which narrowed the possible ways of understanding and talking about religion. In line with this, there were several positions in relation to religion – for instance unsure and uncertain positions – in these schools that was not observed. However, these pupils also have the need to express and understand themselves in relation to religion as well as being understood by others. This is a future challenge for RE-research as well as teaching in schools.

The results of this study show, lastly, that the experience and desires expressed by the pupils concerning talking about religion differed to a great extent from the use of dialogue in RE-research. Among the pupils it seemed that the conversation about religion was sacrificed on the altars of tolerance, respect and deference. These results were discussed in relation to the concept of safe space, a concept that needs to be elaborated and sharpened further in RE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2021. p. 330
Series
Södertörn Doctoral Dissertations, ISSN 1652-7399 ; 186
Keywords
Swedish school, religious education, religion and children, religion and youth, safe space, sensemaking, interpretative repertories, categories, tolerance, deference through avoidance, religion and popular culture, religion everywhere, post-Christians, Swedish Muslims, Svenska skolan, svenska grundskolan, religionsundervisning, religionsdidaktik, religion och barn, religion och ungdomar, safe space, meningsskapande, tolkande repertoarer, kategorier, tolernas, populärkultur, religion och populärkultur, religion överallt, postkristna, svenskmuslimer, muslimer, traditionstillhörighet, religiös tillhörighet, positiva samtal, trygga rum
National Category
Religious Studies Educational Sciences
Research subject
Historical Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-44289 (URN)978-91-89109-55-1 (ISBN)978-91-89109-56-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2021-03-26, MA624/via länk, Alfred Nobels allé 7, Huddinge, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2021-03-02 Created: 2021-02-19 Last updated: 2023-04-03Bibliographically approved
Vikdahl, L. (2020). I väntan på nådens år. In: Simon Sorgenfrei & David Thurfjell (Ed.), Kvinnligt religiöst ledarskap: En vänbok till Gunilla Gunner (pp. 229-239). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>I väntan på nådens år
2020 (Swedish)In: Kvinnligt religiöst ledarskap: En vänbok till Gunilla Gunner / [ed] Simon Sorgenfrei & David Thurfjell, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 229-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020
Series
Södertörn Studies on Religion ; 10
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41968 (URN)978-91-89109-03-2 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2020-09-29 Created: 2020-09-29 Last updated: 2022-03-04Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S. (2020). Majoritetskulturella föreställningar om religion: en interkulturell utmaning i ett mångreligiöst Sverige. In: Helena Hill (Ed.), Perspektiv på interkulturalitet: (pp. 11-19). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Majoritetskulturella föreställningar om religion: en interkulturell utmaning i ett mångreligiöst Sverige
2020 (Swedish)In: Perspektiv på interkulturalitet / [ed] Helena Hill, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020
Series
Södertörn Studies in Education ; 3
National Category
Educational Sciences Religious Studies
Research subject
Studies in the Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40343 (URN)978-91-88663-89-4 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2020-03-09 Created: 2020-03-09 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved
Schihalejev, O., Kuusisto, A., Vikdahl, L. & Kallioniemi, A. (2020). Religion and children’s perceptions of bullying in multicultural schools in Estonia, Finland and Sweden. Journal of Beliefs and Values, 41(3), 371-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Religion and children’s perceptions of bullying in multicultural schools in Estonia, Finland and Sweden
2020 (English)In: Journal of Beliefs and Values, ISSN 1361-7672, E-ISSN 1469-9362, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 371-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper explores children and youths? perceptions of the reasons for bullying in multicultural schools. How do their different backgrounds explain the variations in those perceptions? The questions will be answered based on data gathered from 9 to 10, 12 to 13 and 15 to 16-year-old students (N = 2781) in Estonia, Finland and Sweden. A survey and in-depth interviews were used in the study. About half of the students have been frequently or occasionally bullied. According to the data, the reasons for bullying were frequently attributed to visible external features, such as physical appearance or clothing, but also to the bullied students? choice of friends and language use. The most vulnerable students are those with a migration background, those who speak a different language at home that is not the language of the national majority, or who have been raised in more religiously observant families.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2020
Keywords
Bullying, diversity, young people, school
National Category
Religious Studies
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39349 (URN)10.1080/13617672.2019.1686732 (DOI)000494360700001 ()2-s2.0-85075036433 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2019-11-06 Created: 2019-11-06 Last updated: 2022-03-04Bibliographically approved
Straarup, J. (2020). Såsom på bio. In: Simon Sorgenfrei & David Thurfjell (Ed.), Kvinnligt religiöst ledarskap: En vänbok till Gunilla Gunner (pp. 325-335). Huddinge: Södertörns högskola
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Såsom på bio
2020 (Swedish)In: Kvinnligt religiöst ledarskap: En vänbok till Gunilla Gunner / [ed] Simon Sorgenfrei & David Thurfjell, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020, p. 325-335Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2020
Series
Södertörn Studies on Religion ; 10
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-41966 (URN)978-91-89109-03-2 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2020-09-29 Created: 2020-09-29 Last updated: 2022-03-04Bibliographically approved
Vikdahl, L. (2019). A lot is at stake. On the possibilities for religion-related dialog in a school, in Sweden. Religion & Education, 46(1), 81-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A lot is at stake. On the possibilities for religion-related dialog in a school, in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Religion & Education, ISSN 1550-7394, E-ISSN 1949-8381, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 81-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reports the experiences of religion-related dialog among 24 Swedish students and their teacher in religion education. All students had immigrant backgrounds from the Middle East and all of them had strong religious convictions. By using qualitative analysis to reveal their experiences with dialog in school, the concept of “safe space” is critically discussed. The students’ educational environment was not a “safe space” when it came to religion-related dialog, in part because historical and political conflicts in the Middle East have an impact on students’ willingness to open up. The case study provides an example of the effects of the wider political and societal context on the micro-structure of classroom-interaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
dialog, religion education, religious education, safe space
National Category
Educational Sciences Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37940 (URN)10.1080/15507394.2019.1577713 (DOI)000471785900005 ()2-s2.0-85058814082 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2022-03-04Bibliographically approved
Vikdahl, L. & Skeie, G. (2019). Possibilities and limitations of religion-related dialog in schools: Conclusion and discussion of findings from the ReDi project. Religion & Education, 46(1), 115-129
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Possibilities and limitations of religion-related dialog in schools: Conclusion and discussion of findings from the ReDi project
2019 (English)In: Religion & Education, ISSN 1550-7394, E-ISSN 1949-8381, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 115-129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article links together the findings of the case studies reported in this special issue and reflects upon the possibilities and limitations of religion-related dialog in school education at a more systematic level. It also discusses the findings of the case studies in relation to other research and suggests some ideas for further investigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
comparative, conflict, context, dialogue, education, religion, world view
National Category
Educational Sciences Religious Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37934 (URN)10.1080/15507394.2019.1577712 (DOI)000471785900007 ()2-s2.0-85062838667 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Note

This work was funded by The Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Germany.

Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2022-03-04Bibliographically approved
Vikdahl, L. (2018). Det kommer inte på tal: En studie om religiös och kulturell mångfald i grundskolan. Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det kommer inte på tal: En studie om religiös och kulturell mångfald i grundskolan
2018 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den religiösa pluralismen har ökat markant i Sverige de senaste decennierna och mycket talar för att den kommer att fortsätta att öka. Skolan är en plats där barn och unga kommer samman oavsett religiös och kulturell tillhörighet.

I Det kommer inte på tal intervjuas ett 50-tal grundskoleelever om deras upplevelser och erfarenheter av religiös mångfald i skolan med syftet att förstå vilka processer som påverkar deras uppfattningar. Vilka omständigheter har betydelse för deras upplevelser? Vilken roll spelar föräldrar, skola och vänner? Och har barnets ålder betydelse för hens erfarenheter av religiös och kulturell pluralism? För att få en fördjupad förståelse för elevernas berättelse intervjuas också några lärare och rektorer.

Boken riktar sig till blivande lärare, skolpersonal i tjänst och andra som är intresserade av religiös och kulturell pluralism i skolan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2018. p. 188
Keywords
religion, mångfald, skola, kvalitativ forskning, symbolisk interaktionism
National Category
Religious Studies Educational Sciences
Research subject
Studies in the Educational Sciences; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-37192 (URN)671/42/2013 (Local ID)978-91-7777-086-2 (ISBN)671/42/2013 (Archive number)671/42/2013 (OAI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-09-25Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S. (2018). Det oförutsägbara klassrummet - utmaningar och möjligheter (1ed.). In: Olof Franck & Peder Thalén (Ed.), Interkulturell religionsdidaktik: utmaningar och möjligheter (pp. 109-129). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det oförutsägbara klassrummet - utmaningar och möjligheter
2018 (Swedish)In: Interkulturell religionsdidaktik: utmaningar och möjligheter / [ed] Olof Franck & Peder Thalén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 109-129Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39910 (URN)978-91-44-12072-0 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 30/2013
Available from: 2020-01-15 Created: 2020-01-15 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved
Co-InvestigatorBerglund, Jenny
Principal InvestigatorStraarup, Jørgen
Co-InvestigatorSchihalejev, Olga
Co-InvestigatorKuusisto, Arniika
Co-InvestigatorKallioniemi, Arto
Co-InvestigatorVikdahl, Linda
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2014-01-01 - 2016-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Religious Studies
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1858Project, id: 30/2013_OSS

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