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Project grant
Title [en]
Returning to Europe and Turning Away From "Europe"? Post-Accession Attitudes in Central and Eastern Europe
Abstract [en]
This project addresses the recent backlash against European values in a post-communist setting, i.e. the manifold instances of populist attacks on or challenges to not only European integration but also what the European Union represents: tolerance, liberal democracy, respect for human rights and the protection of minority rights. Following the 2004 and 2007 eastern enlargements of the EU – sometimes described as a return to Europe – we have throughout the post-communist region witnessed signs of democratic backsliding, euroscepticism, the rise of radical right populism, the spread of corruption, and in some places an authoritarian backlash, and the rise of xenophobia and chauvinism. In order to analyse post-accession popular support for democracy and liberal values, the proposed project seeks funding for a research project on public opinion in Central and Eastern Europe. More specifically, the idea is to follow up on a series of opinion surveys conducted in the region in the 1990s up until the first EU enlargement; and confined to the Baltic states, in 2014. The idea is to launch a new wave of nation-wide public opinion surveys in Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia.
Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Ekman, J., Duvold, K. & Berglund, S. (2023). Baltic Barometer 2021: 30 Years after the fall of the Soviet Union (Public opinion data: representative samples of the adult population in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). SND
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Baltic Barometer 2021: 30 Years after the fall of the Soviet Union (Public opinion data: representative samples of the adult population in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania)
2023 (English)Data set, Primary data
Abstract [en]

Representative samples of populations in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This is our follow-up survey (from 2014) in the three Baltic countries but without additional sampling of their respective Russian speaking minorities. Special focus is on the handling of the covid pandemic in the Baltic countries, but the survey also covers attitudes towards the EU, migration, democracy, and Russia against the backdrop of its aggression in Ukraine.

Abstract [sv]

Representativa urval av befolkningen i Estland, Lettland och Litauen. Detta är vår uppföljande undersökning (från 2014) i de tre baltiska länderna, men denna gång utan ytterligare urval från de rysktalande minoriteterna i respektive land. Särskilt fokus ligger på hanteringen av covid-pandemin i de baltiska länderna, men undersökningen omfattar även attityder till EU, migration, demokrati samt Ryssland mot bakgrund av landets aggression i Ukraina.

Place, publisher, year
SND, 2023
Keywords
public opinion, allmän opinion
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies; Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52716 (URN)10.5878/hk6s-pm71 (DOI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2023-11-20 Created: 2023-11-20 Last updated: 2023-11-20Bibliographically approved
Ekman, J., Duvold, K. & Berglund, S. (2023). Multi-country Social-Political Survey 2016: (Public opinion data: representative samples of the adult population in Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia). SND
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multi-country Social-Political Survey 2016: (Public opinion data: representative samples of the adult population in Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia)
2023 (English)Data set, Primary data
Abstract [en]

Public opinion data. Surveys were carried out in representative samples of inhabitants between 15 and 74 in the following countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia. Questions include trust in political institutions, support for democracy, attitudes to immigrants and refugees, attitudes to socioeconomic conditions.

Abstract [sv]

Opinionsdata. Undersökningar genomfördes i ett representativt urval av befolkningen i åldern 15–74 år i följande länder: Bulgarien, Kroatien, Tjeckien, Ungern, Polen, Rumänien, Slovakien, Slovenien. Frågorna handlar bland annat om tillit till politiska institutioner, stöd till demokrati, attityder till invandrare och flyktingar, attityder till socioekonomiska förhållanden.

Place, publisher, year
SND, 2023
Keywords
public opinion, allmän opinion
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-52715 (URN)10.5878/jr5z-c660 (DOI)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2023-11-20 Created: 2023-11-20 Last updated: 2023-11-20Bibliographically approved
Ekman, J. & Amnå, E. (2022). Civic Engagement. In: Marco Giugni; Maria Grasso (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Participation: (pp. 381-395). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Civic Engagement
2022 (English)In: The Oxford Handbook of Political Participation / [ed] Marco Giugni; Maria Grasso, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022, p. 381-395Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The chapter focuses specifically on civic engagement as a distinct mode of political activity among citizens in contemporary democracies. In the first section, we review existing definitions of “civic engagement” in the literature, noting in particular the lack of common notions of what it entails, as well as the critique against too wide or all-encompassing definitions. In the second section, we develop a conceptual discussion about civic engagement and political participation, and suggest a thin notion of civic engagement that may be measured in a straightforward way in empirical studies. In the third section, we turn to an overview of recent empirical works on civic engagement and democracy, highlighting key findings and suggesting avenues for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022
Series
Oxford Handbooks
Keywords
civic engagement, civil participation, political activity, political participation, democracy
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50175 (URN)10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198861126.013.23 (DOI)9780191893094 (ISBN)9780198861126 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2022-11-01 Created: 2022-11-01 Last updated: 2023-09-22Bibliographically approved
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (2021). Anti-Establishment Parties and Voters' Responses in Post-Communist Europe. Problems of Post-Communism, 68(4), 261-263
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anti-Establishment Parties and Voters' Responses in Post-Communist Europe
2021 (English)In: Problems of Post-Communism, ISSN 1075-8216, E-ISSN 1557-783X, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 261-263Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Starting with the third decade of post-communism, the emergence of many anti-establishment parties in Central and Eastern Europe reshaped the political landscape. Political parties remain key actors through their functions of representation, but it is unclear how they are responding and adapting to recent challenges and developments. At the same time, the behavior of voters in such agitated times remains a puzzle. This special issue aims to outline several theoretical models of party and voter adaptation to political realities, and to identify and explain various ways in which anti-establishment parties promote their discourse and how voters respond to it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2021
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50173 (URN)10.1080/10758216.2021.1928831 (DOI)000678361700001 ()2-s2.0-85111347343 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2022-11-01 Created: 2022-11-01 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (Eds.). (2019). Democratic Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe. Abingdon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe
2019 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The book covers direct democracy (referendums in particular), deliberative democracy practices and e-participation – forms which are salient in practice because they match the political realities of our time. Expert contributors show how the recent actions of ordinary citizens in several Central and Eastern European countries have challenged the contemporary political order, and grassroots movements and diverse forms of mobilization have challenged the notion of weak civil societies in the East. The empirical evidence presented attempts to deepen citizen involvement in political contexts sometimes quite different from the democratic political systems in the Western world. Using lessons from a still largely underexplored part of Europe, the book both complements and revises theoretical approaches, or complements empirical results in existing studies on democratic innovations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2019. p. 132
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39703 (URN)9780367421670 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Note

Contemporary Politics, Vol. 25(1): Democratic innovations in Central and Eastern Europe

Available from: 2020-01-03 Created: 2020-01-03 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Gherghina, S., Ekman, J. & Podolian, O. (2019). Democratic innovations in Central and Eastern Europe: expanding the research agenda. Contemporary Politics, 25(1), 1-10
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratic innovations in Central and Eastern Europe: expanding the research agenda
2019 (English)In: Contemporary Politics, ISSN 1356-9775, E-ISSN 1469-3631, Vol. 25, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Democratic innovations have recently gained momentum throughout the world. An increasing number of such practices takes place and coincides with a visible grow in the number of analyses focusing on the forms, functioning and effects of democratic innovations. In spite of these developments, a great deal of research on democratic innovations have largely neglected Central and Eastern Europe. This special issue of Contemporary Politics adds to the existing literature on democratic innovations by focusing on such attempts to deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process in Central and Eastern Europe. Its attempt to expand the research agenda relies on new empirical evidence relative to three major forms of democratic innovations (direct democracy, deliberative democracy and citizens’ involvement with the aid of ICTs).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2019
Keywords
Central and Eastern Europe, citizens, Democratic innovations
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-36888 (URN)10.1080/13569775.2018.1543752 (DOI)000455478900001 ()2-s2.0-85057304903 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2018-12-06 Created: 2018-12-06 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Ekman, J. (2019). Political culture in the baltic states. In: Беларусь в современном мире = Беларусь у сучасным свеце: материалыXVIII Междунар. науч. конф., посвящ. 98-летию образования Белорус. гос. ун-та,Минск, 30 окт. 2019 г.. Paper presented at XVIII Международной научной конференции, посвященной 98-летию образования Белорусского государственного университета, Minsk, October 30, 2019. (pp. 489-493). Minsk: Belarusian State University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political culture in the baltic states
2019 (English)In: Беларусь в современном мире = Беларусь у сучасным свеце: материалыXVIII Междунар. науч. конф., посвящ. 98-летию образования Белорус. гос. ун-та,Минск, 30 окт. 2019 г., Minsk: Belarusian State University , 2019, p. 489-493Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Drawing on an original 2014 public opinion survey, this paper offers a brief overview of contemporary political orientations in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Looking specifically at performace-related system support and attitudes towards democracy, the paper demonstrates significantcross-national as well as ethnic attitudinal differences in the region. Support for democracy doesnot seem to be overly strong in the Baltic states, but the key finding is that public support for democracy is still comparatively stronger than support for authoritarian rule. This is tentatively goodnews: as long as support for non-democratic regime alternatives does not exceed support for ademocratic polity, democracy may be deemed to have sufficient legitimacy among citizens, andthe risk of a democratic breakdown in the Baltic states must be regarded as insignificant. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Minsk: Belarusian State University, 2019
Keywords
public opinion, Baltic states, ethnic minority, political culture, democracy
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-50176 (URN)978-985-566-826-9 (ISBN)
Conference
XVIII Международной научной конференции, посвященной 98-летию образования Белорусского государственного университета, Minsk, October 30, 2019.
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2022-11-01 Created: 2022-11-01 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Duvold, K., Berglund, S. & Ekman, J. (2019). Political culture in the Baltic states: between national and european integration. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Political culture in the Baltic states: between national and european integration
2019 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The book is the first systematic and comparative effort to capture political culture in the Baltic countries, including political orientation and support for democracy. Revolving around public opinion data from the 1990s and onwards, including two recent surveys commissioned by the authors, the book takes stock of the political climate prevailing in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania a quarter of a century after reclaiming independence and fifteen years after becoming members of NATO and the EU. These three countries share the same geopolitical fate and many contemporary challenges, and yet each has been marked by their own transitions and struggles between nation building and European integration, Western and post-Soviet orientations, and past experience and future aspirations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. p. 220
Keywords
Baltic studies, Comparative European politics, Eastern Europe, Europe-Russia relations, Nationality, Political culture, Post-Soviet politics, Russian minority
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39585 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-21844-7 (DOI)2-s2.0-85085809888 (Scopus ID)9783030218430 (ISBN)9783030218447 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, A024-2012The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2019-12-13 Created: 2019-12-13 Last updated: 2023-02-23Bibliographically approved
Ekman, J. & Duvold, K. (2018). Ethnic divides in the Baltic states: Political orientations after the Russian–Ukrainian crisis. In: Felix Jaitner, Tina Olteanu, Tobias Spöri (Ed.), Crises in the Post‐Soviet Space: From the dissolution of the Soviet Union to the conflict in Ukraine (pp. 121-136). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnic divides in the Baltic states: Political orientations after the Russian–Ukrainian crisis
2018 (English)In: Crises in the Post‐Soviet Space: From the dissolution of the Soviet Union to the conflict in Ukraine / [ed] Felix Jaitner, Tina Olteanu, Tobias Spöri, London: Routledge, 2018, p. 121-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Drawing on public opinion surveys conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 2014–2015, the chapter updates the empirical basis of contemporary studies of public opinion and ethnic divides in the Baltic states. By contrasting political orientations among the ethnic majority populations to corresponding attitudes among the Russian-speaking minorities, the chapter demonstrates clear, albeit unsystematic cross-national attitudinal differences when it comes to regime performance and support for democracy. Inter-ethnic differences are also evident when it comes to external threats: the Baltic majority and minority populations perceive Russia in very different ways.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2018
Series
Post-Soviet Politics
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-42257 (URN)10.4324/9781351234467-7 (DOI)9781351234467 (ISBN)9780815377245 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2020-11-23 Created: 2020-11-23 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Ekman, J. & Schartau, M.-B. (2017). Politics. In: Zurück Bestellen Henningsen, Bernd; Etzold, Tobias; Hanne, Krister (Ed.), The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide: History, Politics, Culture and Economy of a European Role Model (pp. 115-168). Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag GmbH
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politics
2017 (English)In: The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide: History, Politics, Culture and Economy of a European Role Model / [ed] Zurück Bestellen Henningsen, Bernd; Etzold, Tobias; Hanne, Krister, Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag GmbH, 2017, p. 115-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag GmbH, 2017
Series
The Baltic Sea Region - Nordic Dimensions - European Perspectives, ISSN 2366-9063, E-ISSN 2366-9071 ; 17
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Baltic and East European studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-33714 (URN)978-3-8305-1727-6 (ISBN)978-3-8305-1748-1 (ISBN)
Funder
The Foundation for Baltic and East European Studies, 22/2015
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2022-11-01Bibliographically approved
Co-InvestigatorBerglund, Sten
Principal InvestigatorEkman, Joakim
Co-InvestigatorBal, Zelal
Coordinating organisation
Södertörn University
Funder
Period
2016-01-01 - 2018-12-31
Keywords [sv]
Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning
Keywords [en]
Baltic and East European studies
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1844Project, id: 22/2015_OSS